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INTRODUCTION TO PHARMACOLOGY

Pharmacology is a medical science that forms a backbone of the medical profession as drugs form the corner stone of therapy in human diseases. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to describe the pharmacological basis of therapeutics in order to maximize the benefits and minimize the risks of drugs to recipients.These lecture notes is primarily a note for undergraduate health science students such as health officer, nursing, midwifery and laboratory technology students. However, other health professionals whose career involves drug therapy or related aspects should also find much of the material relevant. The goal is to empower the practitioner through an understanding of the fundamental scientific principles of pharmacology. The effects of prototypical drugs on physiological and pathophysiological processes are clearly explained to promote understanding. Other related drugs are touched briefly.

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    Pharmacology is a medical science that forms a backbone of the medical profession as drugs form the corner stone of therapy in human diseases.

    Therefore, it is of utmost importance to describe the pharmacological basis of therapeutics in order to maximize the benefits and minimize the risks of drugs to recipients.

    These lecture notes is primarily a note for undergraduate health science students such as health officer, nursing, midwifery and laboratory technology students. However, other health professionals whose career involves drug therapy or related aspects should also find much of the material relevant. The goal is to empower the practitioner through an understanding of the fundamental scientific principles of pharmacology.

    The effects of prototypical drugs on physiological and patho physiological processes are clearly explained to promote understanding. Other related drugs are touched briefly.

    Course Curriculum

    PHARMACOLOGYFREE 05:00:00
    This unit describes the pharmacological basis of therapeutics in order to maximize the benefits and minimize the risks of drugs to recipients.
    PHARMACOLOGY Assignment10, 00:00
    DRUGS ACTING ON THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEMFREE 05:00:00
    This unit dwells in Correctly identify the different classes of drugs affecting the autonomic nervous system(autonomic drugs),Discuss the effects and therapeutic uses of various drugs, Identify side effects and contraindications of commonly used autonomic drugs and Prescribe autonomic drugs in clinical practice rationally.
    DRUGS ACTING ON THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM Assignment10, 00:00
    CARDIOVASCULAR AND RENAL DRUGS 04:10:00
    This unit describe the different cardiovascular and renal disorders, the basic pharmacological principles of cardiovascular and renal drugs, Learn the rational use of these drugs and describe the side effects of these drugs.
    CARDIOVASCULAR AND RENAL DRUGS Assignment10, 00:00
    AUTACOIDS 03:00:00
    This unit Explain the role of histamine in anaphylactic reactions, List some of the therapeutic uses and adverse effects of H1 antagonists and describe the major pharmacological actions of prostaglandins E and F.
    AUTACOIDS Assignment10, 00:00
    DRUGS ACTING ON THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM 05:00:00
    This unit Describe the major adverse effects of sedative hypnotic drugs, the drugs used in epilepsy, Illustrate the approaches in the management of parkinsonism,Explain the site of action, uses and adverse effects of antipsychotic drugs and the major adverse effects opioid analgesics.
    DRUGS ACTING ON THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM Assignment10, 00:00
    DRUGS USED IN GASTROINTESTINAL DISEASES 05:00:00
    This unit is about different drugs used for treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, the basic pharmacological principles of these drugs,the adverse effects of these drugs, and the use of the drugs rationally.
    DRUGS USED IN GASTROINTESTINAL DISEASES Assignment10, 00:00
    DRUGS ACTING ON THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM 05:00:00
    This unit Describe the major adverse effects of sedative hypnotic drugs, the drugs used in epilepsy, Illustrate the approaches in the management of parkinsonism,Explain the site of action, uses and adverse effects of antipsychotic drugs and the major adverse effects opioid analgesics.
    DRUGS ACTING ON THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM Assignment10, 00:00
    DRUGS ACTING ON THE BLOOD INFLAMMATION AND GOUT 05:50:00
    This unit is about pharmacokinetics of iron, Vit B12 and folic acid, the mechanisms of action of major anti anemic drugs, the use of iron to treat iron deficiency anemia, the use of Vit B12 and folic acid to treat megaloblastic anemia, how heparin and oral anticoagulants produce their effect, the indication of heparin and oral anticoagulants and Identify major adverse reactions associated with heparin and oral anticoagulants.
    DRUGS ACTING ON THE BLOOD INFLAMMATION AND GOUT Assignment10, 00:00
    ENDOCRINE PHARMACOLOGY 04:32:00
    This unit is about the effects of insulin on different organ/systems, types of insulin with their therapeutic uses and adverse reactions,mechanism of action, uses and side effects of oral hypoglycemic agents,Drugs used as oxytocic agents, Types of hormonal contraception with their uses and adverse effects including preparations and Actions, therapeutic uses and adverse effects of glucocorticoids.
    ENDOCRINE PHARMACOLOGY Assignment10, 00:00
    CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC DRUGS 07:30:00
    This unit describe the general mechanisms of action of antimirobial drugs,Illustrate the mechanims of antimicrobial drug resistance, Explain the indications, and adverse effects of frequently used antibiotics, describe the major adverse effects and clinical uses of aminoglycosides. describe the mechanims of action and the adverse effects of antituberculois drugs, Classify antifungal drugs,Classify antiretroviral drugs, Explain the common adverse effects of anti cancer drugs, describe the clinical uses, and the major adverse effects of antimalarial drugs.discuss drugs used in the treatment of different forms of amoebiasis,describe drugs used for gardiasis and trichomonisis, discuss drugs used in the treatment of toxoplasmosis, and pneumocystiois,Explain drugs used in the treatment of leshmaniasis and trypanosomiasis, and discuss the use, mechanism of action and problems associated with anthelminthic drugs.
    CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC DRUGS Assignment10, 00:00
    TOXICOLOGY AND PRESCRIPTION WRITING AND RATIONAL USE OF DRUGS 03:20:00
    This unit describes the commonly encountered poisons, the measures employed for the management of poisoning ,Construction of prescription,Prescription incompatibility, Patients compliance,Objectives and criteria for rational prescription and,Prevention of irrational prescription.
    TOXICOLOGY AND PRESCRIPTION WRITING AND RATIONAL USE OF DRUGS Assignment10, 00:00
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