This was a system of administration where the British used local chief to rule on their behalf.
Reasons why the British used indirect rule
- Control rebellions.
- It was cheap to use local leaders.
- To solve the problem of language.
- To maintain the African system of administration
THE ROAD TO INDEPENDENCE IN UGANDA
Characteristics of colonial system
- Foreign laws/Colonial laws.
- Colonial economy.
- Forced labour.
The following are some of the laws introduced by colonialists:
- No Africans were allowed to own or carry a gun.
- Africans were to give labour whenever government needed it.
- Africans were not to export cash crops.
- Registration of the birth, death and marriage.
Why were Africans not allowed to export cash crops?
- Colonialists never wanted competition with Africans.
- Colonialists wanted Africans to continue providing labour.
How did Africans react to colonial law?
i) The formed Associations to demand for a change. For example in 1945, the Uganda African farmers Association were formed to demand for better prices for crops.
ii) They staged rebellions e.g. Nyangire rebellion in Bunyoro and Lamogi rebellion in Acholi.
iii)They formed political parties.
iv) The staged riots e.g. the 1945 riots which protested against the replacement of Nsibirwa as Kainite with Wamala and 1949 riot.
State causes of Nyangire rebellion in Bunyoro
i) He never wanted them to take over his kingdom.
ii) The Banyoro did not want the Baganda chiefs in Bunyoro.
Give any effects of Nyangire rebellion
- Led to death of people.
- Loss of property.
Other areas which resisted British rule
Bugisu resisted Semei Kakungulu but they were defeated.
It took place in Acholi ( in northern Uganda 1911-9112
It was lead by chief Awich of payera.
The major cause was forced registration of guns
- Hut tax of 3 rupees was to be paid by each homestead.
- Gun tax was to be paid by gun owners.
Reasons why colonialists introduced taxes?
To enable the colonial government get money.
i) Build roads.
ii) Build schools.
iv) To pay salaries for civil servants.
v) To pay for the costs of administration in Uganda.
Discrimination of people according to race, sex or social status.
Segregation in Uganda during colonial rule appeared.
The Whites and Asians had better social services than African.
Entebbe hospital had two sections Grade A for Whites and Grade B for Asians
THE COLONIAL ECONOMY
The colonial system changed Uganda’s economy to a cash economy.
The British encouraged people to grow cash crops.
State reasons why the British introduced cash crop growing
i) They wanted raw material.
ii) They wanted to stop Uganda from depending on British.
iii) To get income.
iv) They wanted to get income for administration.
How did the British colonization of Uganda get income or revenue
- By encouraging people to start growing cash crops.
- Through collecting taxes
Results of the introduction of cash crops
- It led to extension of the railway line in different areas for example from Jinja to Namasagali to transport cotton.
- The Uganda company was formed to help farmers to get seeds.
A Cash Economy
This is where trade takes place through the use of money.
Is the setting up of industries in an area.
The British relaxed to introduce manufacturing industries in Uganda to compete with their own industries. Small scales processing industries were set up for example cotton ginneries, coffee processing factories and tobacco curing.
Pollution of the environment.
The first Legco was made up of eight members who included the governor, the other seven were Europeans and one Asian.
Ugandans were not happy to have no representative on the Legco.
Name the British officer who led to the formation of the Legco
He was Sir Robert Throne.
Legco was established in 1921.
Legco was the parliament during colonial days.
Before the formation of Legco laws, which were used to rule Uganda were set by the British.
Functions of Legco,
i) To make laws.
ii) To advice the colonial government.
iii)To plan for development of Uganda.
Before 1945, no African was represented by Legco.
The first three Ugandans to join the Legco:
Yekonia Ziraba Muzaale from Busoga representing the Eastern region
Peter Nyangabyaki Western region.
How did the first Ugandan join Legco?
- Through appointment by the government.
- Through nomination.
Where was the governor of Uganda by the time the first Ugandans joined Legco
John Hafton Hall.
Entebbe was the place Legco members conducted the debates.
Where was the colonial capital of Uganda?
The speaker of the Legco was Sir John Griffin.
In 1946 Mr. Yekosofi Innoyon was nominated to represent the northern region.
Why was Ugandans to be on Legco?
They were of ignorant about law.
What was the factor which led to the formation of Legco.
There was need for the laws
How did many Ugandans join the Legco?