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When after some Africans like the Pedi entered the war and started targeting the Boers, the Transvaal Boers (Handsoppers) convinced their friends in O.F.S (bitterinders) that it was hopeless to sacrifice their states for independence. The result was the Vereeniging meeting.
The Vereeniging meeting took place in the city of Vereeniging south of Johannesburg in the Transvaal state near the small town of Meyrton.
The treaty was between the victorious British and the Vanquished Boers especially those in Transvaal who hated the continuity of war.
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The treaty was signed on 31st may 1902.
The Boers were represented by the new crop of leaders i.e. general Smuts, Botha and Hertzoy yet Alfred Milner and Lord Kitchener represented the British.
AIMS OF THE TREATY (why it was signed)
TERMS OF THE TREATY
Both Transvaal and Orange Free State were to lose their independence and become British colonies.
Whereas Transvaal’s name was to remain intact Orange Free State was to become Orange River Colony. Both the Boer provinces of Transvaal and Orange River colony were promised independence in the near future.
The Boers were to accept the hoisting of the British flag in their areas and had to accept the British crown as their head.
The Boers were to lay down their arms and ammunition and therefore the British soldiers would then be withdrawn.
Both the English and the Dutch languages were to be official and equal in status.
The Africans were not to play meaningful roles in South Africans politics and the issue of granting them Franchise was not to be addressed until after the Boers had got independence.
Those Africans who had deserted there work during the war were to be heavily punished.
Britain was to stop being the champion of Africans rights and had to stop protecting them.
Britain was to release all Boer prisoners of war and forgive all those bitternders who were still fighting them.
All the Africans held in concentration camps were to remain prisoners until further notice.
All those Africans holding arms were to be disarmed by Baden Powell
The Boers were allowed to keep their arms as a defense against their African neighbors.
The Boers were to stop discriminating against British goods and trade was to be made free and all had to charge similar tariffs on goods from outside South Africa.
The British were to give and 3 million to the Boers as compensation and 30 million pounds as developmental loans to rehabilitate Boer destroyed economy.
EFFECTS OF THE VEREENIGING TERMS ON THE WHITES
EFFECTS TO THE AFRICANS
In conclusion the whites especially the Boers gained more than the Africans, as L. Thompson stated in his book, the compromise of union. The price of unity and conciliation was the institutionalization of white supremacy in short Africans lost their country to the whites.
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