Formation of adjects.
Adjectives can be formed from nouns by using suffixes ar, ive, -y, en, ible, al, ful, less.
Noun adjective crime criminal
accident accidental energy energetic
ancestor ancestral favour favourite
angel angelic fool foolish
athlete athletic fury furious
beauty beautiful gold golden
Bible biblical hero heroic
centre central hygiene hygienic
circle circular industry industrious – industrial
credit creditable influence influential
metal metallic music musical
nature natural person personal
Other adjectives can be formed by adding – ous
More formation of adjectives will be done.
Noun adjectives Noun adjectives
dirt dirty triangle triangular
coward cowardly volcano volcanic
hunger hungry mercy merciful
parent parental ocean oceanic
pride proud poet poetical
noise noisy rebellion rebellious
urgency urgent service serviceable
vacancy vacant suspicion suspicious
skill skilful sun sunny
Structure __________ looking forward to __________.
This structure is used to show that one is anticipating for something. For example
1.We are looking forward to getting our term one holiday.
2.They are looking forward to completing their holiday work.
3.We are looking forward to getting our report cards.
4.She is looking forward to having her end of year party with her parents.
5.Alex is looking forward to completing her course in engineering.
Learners will construct their own sentences using he structure.
Comparison of adjectives.
Adjectives are compared using three degrees ie. The positive, comparative and superlative degree.
Short adjectives take —er for comparative and — est for superlative degree.
Positive comparative superlative
big bigger biggest
small smaller smallest
short shorter shortest
nice nicer nicest
long longer longest
pretty prettier prettiest
Some adjectives double the last consonant before adding –er and –est.
fat fatter fattest
thin thinner thinnest
big bigger biggest.
Those which change their ‘Y’ into i and then add er and –est
ugly uglier ugliest
lofty loftier loftiest
happy happier happiest
heavy heavier heaviest
Most two syllable and three syllable adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives by adding more and most respectively.
handsome more handsome most handsome
ignorant more ignorant most ignorant
active more active most active.
These change the whole word.
Positive comparative superlative
bad worse worst
good better best
late later latest
little less least
old older oldest
Many/much more most
ORDER OF ADJECTIVES
When adjectives are used to qualify a noun. They must appear in a certain order.
N.B: Opinion objectives like beautiful, lovely, generally, come before factual adjectives.
The following order can be taken:
N – ominative
O – pinion
S – ize
H – ape/ eight
A – ge
C – olour
O – rigin
M – aterial
P – urpose
N.B: Adjectives with ing, normally come close to the noun e.g.
– an interesting book
– a lovely interesting book
1.I met a man in town. He was tall and fat. He was also light skinned.
I met a fat tall light skinned man in town.
2.Our secretary is a kind lady. She is kind. She is also thin.
Our secretary is a kind thin lady.
3.I saw a girl. She was dark-skinned. She was from Congo. She was young.
I saw a young dark-skinned Congolese girl.
Join the sentences without using who or and
- My father arrested a man. The man was brown. The man was from India.
- I solved numbers. They were good. They were fifteen.
- He bought a bicycle. It was new. It was nice. It was for racing.