ADJECTIVES.P.7

This unit is all about adjectives and how they are used.It gives different examples of how to form,compare and the order of adjectives.

Formation of adjects.

Adjectives can be formed from nouns by using suffixes ar, ive, -y, en, ible, al, ful, less.

Noun                    adjective    crime                  criminal

accident                accidental                     energy                  energetic

ancestor                ancestral                       favour                  favourite

angel                      angelic                           fool                       foolish

athlete                    athletic                          fury                       furious

beauty                    beautiful                        gold                       golden

Bible                      biblical                            hero                       heroic

centre                    central                             hygiene                   hygienic

circle                      circular                            industry                  industrious    – industrial

credit                     creditable                        influence                influential

metal                     metallic                            music                       musical

nature                    natural                             person                     personal

Other adjectives can be formed by adding – ous

Noun                            adjective

Courage                           courageous

danger                             dangerous

disaster                           disastrous

labour                              laborious

marvel                             marvellous

 

More formation of adjectives will be done.

Noun                  adjectives                     Noun                   adjectives

dirt                        dirty                                  triangle                  triangular

coward                  cowardly                          volcano                 volcanic

hunger                   hungry                             mercy                     merciful

parent                    parental                           ocean                     oceanic

pride                      proud                                poet                        poetical

noise                     noisy                                  rebellion                rebellious

urgency                  urgent                               service                   serviceable

vacancy                  vacant                               suspicion               suspicious

skill                         skilful                                 sun                         sunny

Structure __________ looking forward to __________.

This structure is used to show that one is anticipating for something. For example

1.We are looking forward to getting our term one holiday.

2.They are looking forward to completing their holiday work.

3.We are looking forward to getting our report cards.

4.She is looking forward to having her end of year party with her parents.

5.Alex is looking forward to completing her course in engineering.

Learners will construct their own sentences using he structure.

Comparison of adjectives.

Adjectives are compared using three degrees ie. The positive, comparative and superlative degree.

Short adjectives take —er for comparative and — est for superlative degree.

Positive               comparative             superlative

big                            bigger                             biggest

small                        smaller                           smallest

short                         shorter                           shortest

nice                           nicer                                nicest

long                           longer                             longest

pretty                        prettier                           prettiest

Some adjectives double the last consonant before adding –er and –est.

fat                             fatter                              fattest

thin                           thinner                          thinnest

big                             bigger                             biggest.

Those which change their ‘Y’ into i and then add er and –est

ugly                           uglier                              ugliest

lofty                          loftier                               loftiest

happy                        happier                           happiest

heavy                         heavier                            heaviest

Most two syllable and three syllable adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives by adding more and most respectively.

handsome                   more handsome                    most handsome

ignorant                      more ignorant                            most ignorant

active                           more active                                  most active.

Irregular comparisons

These change the whole word.

Positive                   comparative                     superlative

bad                                 worse                             worst

good                               better                              best

late                                 later                                latest

little                               less                                 least

old                                 older                               oldest

elder                              eldest

Many/much                  more                               most

 

ORDER OF ADJECTIVES

When adjectives are used to qualify a noun. They must appear in a certain order.

N.B: Opinion objectives like beautiful, lovely, generally, come before factual adjectives.

https://youtu.be/tb1IBffLo6E

The following order can be taken:

N – ominative

O – pinion

P

S – ize

H – ape/ eight

A – ge

C – olour

O – rigin

M – aterial

P – urpose

N.B: Adjectives with ing, normally come close to the noun e.g.

– an interesting book

– a lovely interesting book

1.I met a man in town. He was tall and fat. He was also light skinned.

I met a fat tall light skinned man in town.

2.Our secretary is a kind lady. She is kind. She is also thin.

Our secretary is a kind thin lady.

3.I saw a girl. She was dark-skinned. She was from Congo. She was young.

I saw a young dark-skinned Congolese girl.

EXERCISE

Join the sentences without using who or and

  1. My father arrested a man. The man was brown. The man was from India.
  2. I solved numbers. They were good. They were fifteen.
  3. He bought a bicycle. It was new. It was nice. It was for racing.

ASSIGNMENT : ADJECTIVES.P.7 assignment MARKS : 10  DURATION : 4 days

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