Article p5

the are articles that are used in English grammar for primary five English class

ARTICLE
Article is used before singular countable nouns.
These are ‘a’, ‘an’, ‘the’

Article “a”
The singular common nouns which start with consonants take the article “a” before them.
These consonants are b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z

Examples;
A kite, a boy, a tree, a mango, a car
Exceptions; a European, a university, a one way street.

Article “an”
The singular common nouns which start with vowels take the article “an” before them. These vowels are; a, e, i, o, u

Examples
An example, an orange, an ant, an elephant, an ox

However, some words which begin with a consonant but sound like a vowel also take “an” before them. 

Examples

An hour, an x – ray, an M.P, an honest man 

Article “the”

This article is used for the class, definite things, superlative degree, some rivers and mountains, countries, islands and water bodies.

THIS VIDEO SHOWS THE USE OF ARTICLES

Examples

The kind, the poor, the rich

The moon, the sun, the soil

The biggest boy, the most beautiful girl

The Nile, The Amazon, The Red Sea

The Rwenzori, The Himalayas, The United States of America. 

“The” is used in front of all common nouns except proper nouns or when referring to something for second time and thereafter.

When the listener knows exactly what the speaker is talking about.  E.g. shut the door

“The” is used before ordinal number like I was the first in the face.

“The” is used to refer to one thing or group of things commonly known e.g.  the moon  etc. 

Evaluation

Use either “a’, “an” or “the” in each of the spaces below

  1. Muwanguzi eats …………………………………………………..egg every morning
  2. …………………………………..chair is made of wood.
  3. …………………………………Nile is the longest river in the world.
  4. She came ……………………………..hour late.
  5. Makerere is ……………………..oldest University in East Africa.
  6. It was ……………………………..unwise act to sit on  ………………….broken chair.
  7. I saw …………………………black African in ……………………….market.
  8. …………………………………garden fork is ……………………………..useful tool.
  9. Bujumbura is ………………………..capital city of Burundi.
  10. Seven is not ………………………….even number.
  11. Sir Edward Muteesa II was ……………………………….first president of Uganda.
  12. Wambwa is  …………………………ugly man.
  13. I cut a branch off the tree …………………………….was dry.
  14. …………………………baby is crying because it is hungry.
  15. My father got ………………………….honourally degree from Makerere.
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