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FABRIC PRINTING( Paper 5)

This unit decribes how to make designs with Batik

Listen to this unit here

Batik is a “wax resist” process for making designs or decorating fabric/ a wax resist method of a fabric. Hot wax is applied to portions of the fabric and penetrates the cloth. After the wax dries, it prevents the dye from spreading to those areas of the fabric that have been waxed.

Materials

  • Wax
  • Fabric
  • Dye
  • Water and soap

 Tools

  • Heat source
  • A flat surface as a work area
  • Papers
  • Flat iron / iron box
  • Pencils
  • Tjanting tool
  • Brushes different sizes
  • Sauce pan
  • Containers

Techniques/methods

  1. OUTLINES AND FILLINGS

Hot wax is brushed on the fabric to fill solid shapes or to outline patterns. The lines can be varied in thickness and directions by controlling the flow or wax, a brush or tjanting tool is used.

 Steps

  1. Select a theme and make sketches of the composition on paper.
  2. Collect the materials and tools to be used.
  3. Lay the cloth on flat surface and transfer your sketch on the fabric.
  4. Prepare the dye according to the dye instructions
  5. Melt the wax in a container
  6. Using a brush or tjanting tool apply wax on all areas you would like to maintain white and apply the first colour of dye to the entire cloth
  7. Spread the cloth to dry in a cool dry, to prevent wax from melting and the dye from fading.
  8. When the cloth is dry, apply more wax to places where you want to retain the first color of the dye and dip in the second colour of dye.
  9. Spread the cloth to dry in a cool dry, to prevent wax from melting and the dye from fading.
  10. When you are done with the design you want, Remove the wax from the cloth by squeezing and creasing the cloth
  11. Lay several layers of paper on a flat surface and the put the cloth on top. Cover the cloth with other papers and iron, keep on changing the paper until the excess wax is removed

CRACKLED AND MARBLED EFFECT

A fabric can be completely waxed then crackled and dyed to produce a cracked or marble effect.

 

 

 

 

 

Steps /processes

  1. Select a theme and make sketches of the composition on paper.
  2. Collect the materials and tools to be used.
  3. Lay the cloth on flat surface and transfer your sketch on the fabric.
  4. Prepare the dye according to the dye instructions
  5. Melt the wax in a container
  6. Using a brush or tjanting tool apply wax on all areas you would like to maintain white and apply dye to the entire cloth
  7. Spread the cloth to dry in a cool dry, to prevent wax from melting and the dye from fading.
  8. When the cloth is dry, apply more wax to places where you want to retain the first color of dye, do this until the design is complete.
  9. When you are done with the design you want, apply wax to the whole cloth and the crackle the cloth when the cloth dries. Cracking is creating cracks in the wax on the cloth and paint the cloth with a dark color
  10. Dip the cloth in a dark colour preferably black and spread it out to dry.
  11. Remove the wax from the cloth by squeezing and creasing the cloth.
  12. Lay several layers of paper on a flat surface and the put the cloth on top. Cover the cloth with other papers and iron, keep on changing the paper until the excess wax is removed

TEXTURED EFFECT

This is the creating of texture effects in a batik artwork.

Steps

  1. Select a theme and make sketches for the composition on paper
  2. Collect and prepare the materials to be used.
  3. Prepare the dye according to the dye instructions.
  4. Lay the cloth on flat surface and transfer your sketch on the fabric
  5. Place the cloth on a rough surface and rub wax on areas you would like to maintain white and apply dye to the entire cloth.
  6. Spread the cloth to dry in a cool dry, to prevent wax from melting and the dye from fading.
  7. When the cloth is dry, rub more wax to places where you want to retain the first color still on a rough surface.
  8. When you are done with the design you want, Remove the wax from the cloth by squeezing and creasing the cloth
  9. Lay several layers of paper on a flat surface and the put the cloth on top. Cover the cloth with other papers and iron, keep on changing the paper until the excess wax is removed.

SCRATCHED EFFECT

The fabric is waxed and then scratched with a blunt instrument to produce fine lines.

 

Steps

  1. Select a theme and make sketches for the composition on paper
  2. Collect and prepare the necessary materials and tools to be used.
  3. Lay the cloth on flat surface and transfer your sketch on the fabric.
  4. Mix the dye according to the dye instructions.
  5. Melt the wax in a container
  6. Using a brush or tjanting tool apply wax on all areas you would like to maintain white and apply the first colour of dye to the entire cloth
  7. Spread the cloth to dry in a cool dry, to prevent wax from melting and the dye from fading.
  8. When the cloth is dry, apply more wax to places where you want to retain the first color and dip in the second colour of dye.
  9. Apply the entire cloth with wax and scratch through the wax with a pin or any other blunt instrument and dip the cloth in a dark colour.
  10. When you are done with the design you want, Remove the wax from the cloth by squeezing and creasing the cloth
  11. Lay several layers of paper on a flat surface and the put the cloth on top. Cover the cloth with other papers and iron, keep on changing the paper until the excess wax is removed.

 
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