CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS – P.5

this unit helps understand conjunction better in English grammar

A conjunction is a word that joins or connects word, phrases, clauses and sentences together.

Examples

  1. Musa and Ali are Moslems.
  2. I have had lunch but I am still hungry.
  3. We delayed because it was raining.
  4. You either keep quiet or go out.
  5. Although he got treatment, he hasn’t fully recovered.
  6. The patient died as soon as the doctor arrived.

In the above sentences, the underlined words are examples of conjunctions.

Correlative conjunctions are conjunctions that consist of two or more words that function in pairs.

Examples

  1. Either …………or……………..
  2. Neither ……………….nor…………
  3. …………..so………………that………….
  4. ……………such a……………that………..
  5. …………too………………to……………etc

The use of ………either …………or…..

It is used to talk about a choice between two possibilities and sometimes more. It means one or the other.

Study these sentences in the table.

We can stay. We can go out.We can either stay or go out.
Percy may have stolen my pen. If not, then it’s Paul.Either Percy or Paul stole my pen
They may watch a movie in the cinema. They may stay at home.They will either watch a movie in the cinema or stay at home.
You can have soda. You can have water.You can have either soda or water.
John can eat rice with meat. John can eat posho with fish.John can eat either rice with mean or posho with fish.

Note

This structure is used in affirmative sentences.

Exercise

Rewrite the following sentences using ….either….or…..

  1. He must laugh. He must cry.
  2. The cat drank my milk. If not, then it’s the dog.
  3. They can go now. They can stay.
  4. The pilgrims are from Kenya. If not, they are from Ethiopia.
  5. I will decide to go. I will decide to stay.
  6. Kangave seems to be a Muganda. He also seems to be a Munyoro.
  7. You may win the match. You may lose the match.
  8. David may be in the office. He may be in the classroom.
  9. The teacher may eat chicken with matooke. The teacher may eat fish with rice.
  10. Between Rose and Robinah, one of them has taken my juice.

The use of ……neither ……nor……

It is used before a singular noun or pronoun to mean –not one and not the other one. It is followed by a singular verb and sometimes a plural verb. It is negative in form and it should not be followed by a negative.

Study these sentences.

Tom doesn’t know the answer. Moses doesn’t know the answerNeither Tom nor Moses knows the answer.
The monitor didn’t attend classes. The head prefect didn’t attend classes.Neither the monitor nor the head prefect attended classes.
Phillip can’t spell that word. Marion can’t spell that word.Neither Phillip nor Marion can spell that word.
The boys have not come for lunch. The girls have not come for lunch.Neither the boys nor the girls have come for lunch.
John is not clever. John is not handsome.John is neither clever nor handsome.
She doesn’t write well. She doesn’t read fluently.She neither writes well nor reads fluently.

Exercise

Rewrite the following sentences using ……neither ……nor….

  1. You don’t know the answer. I don’t know the answer.
  2. Mother can’t read. Father can’t read.
  3. Jinja is not a capital city of Uganda. Eden is not a capital city of Uganda.
  4. The headmaster is not to blame. The class teacher is not to blame.
  5. She didn’t apologize. She didn’t explain.
  6. He doesn’t eat pork. He doesn’t eat meat.
  7. Both the cat and the dog have not been fed.
  8. The bicycle is not mine and it is not yours.
  9. The diagram is not large and it’s not bright.
  10. Uganda and Kenya have not been ruled by Portuguese.
  11. He said that he would not do it and he would not teach them.
  12. The children and their parents were not invited at the teacher’s party.

THIS VIDEO SHOWS THE USE OF CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTION

The special use of …and so…./and neither…

-……and so… is used as a conjunction to join the statements which are affirmative. It means …..and even , ……..just like….., similarly……

-The helping verb is very important and it changes according to the tense used in the sentence.

Examples

  1. Anne and Ritah are sisters and so are Nyakato and Babirye.
  2. My uncle works in that company and so does my mother.
  3. She must finish her work and so must we.
  4. The children will go for swimming and so will their teachers.

-……..and neither…..is used as a conjunction to join the statements which are negative.

Examples,

  1. Sam didn’t have lunch and neither did Jimmy.
  2. Susan has not brushed her shoes and neither has Opio.
  3. Fred can’t swim and neither can his brother James.
  4. I will not go there and neither will I inform him.

Exercise

Complete the following sentences using ….and so……/……and neither……

  1. Rachel speaks good English and …………Lucy.
  2. Juliet can’t speak good English and……….Romeo.
  3. Teacher Joy will come very early for the class meeting and ………teacher Michael.
  4. He posted his letter this morning and………I.
  5. Morshi is not a Ugandan and ………..Meime
  6. His mobile phone was not on and …………… his land line.
  7. You must work hard and ………your sister.
  8. He couldn’t come for the party and ……..his friend.
  9. Michael is a brilliant pupil ………….Abraham.
  10. The Karimajong keep cows and ……….the Bahima.
  11. Lions don’t eat grass and ………the tigers.
  12. The receptionist was rude and……..the manager.
  13. The classrooms were painted and ……..the washrooms.
  14. The headmaster will attend the general staff meeting and………..the Administrator.
  15. The school compound was not slashed and……….the school field.
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