SCI/P/4: CROP PESTS AND DISEASES

This Unit is about Crop pests and diseases.

Control of pests

A pest is an animal that destroys crops.

Examples of crop pests

  • Army worms
  • Birds
  • Rats
  • Termites
  • Maize stalk bore
  • Locusts
  • Squirrels
  • Aphids
  • Cotton stainer
  • Snails
  • Banana weevil
  • Maize weevil

Dangers of pests to crops

  • They weaken plants
  • They lead to low produce
  • They lead to poor growth of crops
  • They destroy crops

Ways of controlling crop pests

  • Spraying pesticides
  • Using scare crows
  • By crop rotation
  • Planting pest free materials
  • Regular weeding
  • Uprooting and burning infected crops
  • Proper spacing

WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW TO LEARN MORE ABOUT CONTROLLING CROP PESTS

CROP DISEASES

Some crop diseases

  • Cassava mosaic
  • Leaf rot
  • Tomato blight
  • Leaf curling
  • Groundnut Rosette
  • Leaf spot
  • Maize streak

Ways of controlling crop diseases

  • By crop rotation
  • Spraying chemicals
  • Uprooting and burning of infected crops
  • Planting healthy materials.
  • Proper spacing
  • Early planting

 

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