SCI/P/4: DEFICIENCY DISEASES

This Unit is about deficiency diseases

DEFICIENCY DISEASES

Deficiency diseases are diseases caused by lack of an element in the diet, usually a particular vitamin or mineral.

EXAMPLES OF DEFICIENCY DISEASES INCLUDE:

  1. Marasmus
  2. kwashiorkor
  3. prevention
  4. signs
  5. anaemia
  6. goitre

Diseases caused by lack of certain food values in the body.

KWASHIORKOR

It is caused by lack of enough proteins in the diet.

Signs of kwashiorkor

  1. Swollen belly
  2. Swollen moon face
  3. Swollen feet and hands.
  4. Skin rash
  5. Brown hair

Prevention

Eat foods rich in proteins.

MARASMUS

Cause

It is caused by lack of enough carbohydrates in the diet.

Signs of marasmus

  1. Old man’s face
  2. Pot belly
  3. Thin body
  4. Always hungry
  5. Weaknesses

Prevention

Eat food rich in carbohydrates.

 ANAEMIA

It is caused by lack of enough iron in the diet.

It is prevented by eating foods rich in iron, like liver, eggs, cereals and kidney.

GOITRE

It is caused by lack of enough iodine in the diet.

It is prevented by eating foods rich in iodine, like sea foods and iodised salt.

Signs of goiter

  • A swelling in the neck.

WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW TO LEARN MORE ABOUT DEFICIENCY DISEASES AND HOW THEY CAN BE AVOIDED

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