Deficiency diseases are diseases caused by lack of an element in the diet, usually a particular vitamin or mineral.
EXAMPLES OF DEFICIENCY DISEASES INCLUDE:
Diseases caused by lack of certain food values in the body.
It is caused by lack of enough proteins in the diet.
Signs of kwashiorkor
- Swollen belly
- Swollen moon face
- Swollen feet and hands.
- Skin rash
- Brown hair
Eat foods rich in proteins.
It is caused by lack of enough carbohydrates in the diet.
Signs of marasmus
- Old man’s face
- Pot belly
- Thin body
- Always hungry
Eat food rich in carbohydrates.
It is caused by lack of enough iron in the diet.
It is prevented by eating foods rich in iron, like liver, eggs, cereals and kidney.
It is caused by lack of enough iodine in the diet.
It is prevented by eating foods rich in iodine, like sea foods and iodised salt.
Signs of goiter
- A swelling in the neck.
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