This is the keeping of cattle for milk and its related products like butter, cheese, and ghee.
It is highly developed in many parts of N.W Europe, Denmark, Netherlands and Britain. It is not well developed in the tropics. This is because;-
-These temperatures are wet climate favours of growth of pastures which are not good and diary animals.
-The warm and wet climate favours the growth of tsetse flies and other pests thus limiting animal keeping.
-Keeping diary animals requires a lot of capital and yet most of the farmers in these areas have no money.
-There is limited market for the consumptions of milk because the general population is poor.
Accepted as a model of success in dairy farming high yield milk breed such as Fresian, Jersey
FACTORS FAVOURING DIARY CATTLE
– Cool moist condition which results into the growth of good grass types for example Lucerne and cloves.
The production of a lot of milk per animal. On average 20 litres a day.
The milk does not if turn sour quickly because of the limited bacterial market
It’s found near the most densely populated and high industrialized countries of Europe like United Kingdom. West Germany and Norway and there provide good and ready market.
– They have organized co-operative societies help them to acquire farm inputs at low prices and to market their products.
– Availability of capital and there they are able to buy milking machines and effectively control diseases.
– Efficient transport system and therefore they transport the milk quickly from the farm to market centers.
– They have good quality animal exotic breeds for example Friesian which are able to produce a lot of milk.
– Availability of skilled labour that manages the farm effectively for the veterinary services are also available.
– Researches take place in order and produce more milk and better breeds of animals.
– Availability of processing industries so that they are able to produce high quality products which have earned the country a large market.
Role played by co-operative societies in Denmark.
They buy seeds, fertilizers, food stuffs, tools or equipment in bulk and therefore buy at a cheap prices that an individual farmer who buys them in relatively small quantities therefore this saves farmers’ money through reduction of their production costs.
They collect grade and sort the produce of farmers which they sell in bulk and dispose their products at the most favorable terms of trade than individuals
They own and run factories for the processing of agriculture products such as slaughter houses enabling the profits for such business.
Faster research in ways and means of improving dairy products
Co-operate work together with the government run marketing boards which set contain standards of agriculture
DIARY FARMING IN NETHERLANDS
Factors Favoring Diary Farming
–The provinces where dairy farming is carried out are adjacent to be fresh water lakes vessels account for the suitability of the land for pasture.
–They have set up co-operative plans that help them acquire farm inputs.
–Availability of capital to buy the milking machines and other machines
–Research is carried out to improve yields
–They have good quality animals like Fresian, Holland breed which produce a lot of milk
–Market is provided by dense population in the Netherlands
DIARY FARMING IN KENYA
Factors for its growth
-The Kenya highlands have good soils where good pasture for cattle can grow
-Availability of water for cattle that is to say; rivers flowing into Kenyan highlands
-The wet moist climate favours diary farming
-There are co-operative farmers which help farmers within inputs
-A lot of capital is injected in dairy farming, leading to improved dairy products
-There is market for Kenya’s dairy products for example Uganda, Tanzania