ENG2: Relative Adverbs

This unit is about Relative and Interrogative Adverbs
The relative pronouns where, when, why, whatever and wherever etc. act as adverbs when they join sentences or clauses. Therefore an adverb which introduces a relative clause is called a relative adverb.
Take these sentences for example:
  • I know the house where he lives.
  • There must be some reason why he cried.
  • Can you tell me how it is done?
  • The day when I met Jane was the best day of my life.
  • That picture was taken in the park where I used to play.
  • Do you want to know why he is angry with Sally?
  • There was a very hot summer the year when he was born.
Here the words where, when, why and how are relative adverbs because they introduce the relative clauses that follow immediately.Image result for relative adverbs

What are Relative Adverbs?

Relative adverbs act as subjects or objects inside relative clauses, and at the same time they connect relative clauses to nouns or pronouns in other clauses – rather like conjunctions. The relative adverb when means “in which” or “at which” and is used to refer to a time expression. Noon is the time when we eat lunch. The relative adverb why means “for which” and is used to refer to a reason. I don’t know the reason why Larry isn’t in class today. The relative adverb when can be replaced by ‘in/on which’Where can be replaced by ‘in/at which’. Why can be replaced by ‘for which’.
A relative adverb is an adverb that introduces an adjective clause.
Where is an adverb of place.
When is an adverb of time.
Why is an adverb of reason.
A relative adverb introduces a group of words, or a clause, that tells more about a noun. Relative adverbs can be used instead of a relative pronoun plus a preposition. There are three main relative adverbs:where, when, and why.
The relative adverb where means “in which” or “at which” and is used to refer to a place.
  • This is the store in which I bought my backpack. (relative pronoun plus preposition)
  • This is the store where I bought my backpack. (relative adverb)
  • This is the place where we met.
The relative adverb when means “in which” or “at which” and is used to refer to a time expression.
  • Noon is the time when we eat lunch.
The relative adverb why means “for which” and is used to refer to a reason.
  • I don’t know the reason why Pedro isn’t in class today.
Relative Adverbs include a subject and a verb or verb phrase and are introduced by words known as relative pronouns and relative adverbs. These types of pronouns and adverbs are referred to as relative because they relate the clauses to the words they modify. That, who, whom, whose, and which are relative pronouns, and where, when, and why are relative adverbs.

Types of Relative Adverbs

You can identify a relative clause by looking for three main components:

  1. It will contain a subject and a verb.
  2. It will begin with a relative pronoun or relative adverb. …
  3. The relative clause will function as an adjective, answering questions about the noun, such as: ‘Which one?’

Image result for relative adverbs

 

Examples of Relative Adverbs?

A relative adverb does not act as the subject or object in the relative clause. It merely replaces an adverb. Mentioned below are examples of Relative Adverbs for better understanding:

    • The seat where we sat last Saturday is still free.
    • I can remember a time when I could eat four hamburgers.
    • We do not know the reason why he left..
    • Let’s sit on this seat, where we’ll get splashed.
    • I can remember my nineteenth birthday, when I had long hair.
    • Do you know the reason why Ellen left early?
    • The 80s were a time when big hair was considered fashionable.
    • I love casual Fridays, when we get to wear jeans to work.
    • Yesterday was the day when I met my husband for lunch.
    • I do not know the place where she works.
    • Chicago is the city where Jennifer was born.
    • He is the boy who receives the gold medal.
    • I want to speak to the person who deals with my account.
    • The house where Mozart was born is now a museum.
    • I flew to Munich, where I had to catch another plane to Oslo.
    • I can’t wait for the day when camp starts!
    • I remember the day when the war began.
    • I will there where I are waiting.
    • He is the person who paid your fees.
    • She will rely on those who guide her properly.
    • This is the temple which has been inducted into the List.
    • I can’t remember a time when I was so happy.
    • I don’t know the reason why he got angry.
    • Do you know the reason why the sky is blue?
    • The most stressful day of the week is Monday, when people go back to work.
    • The reason why I didn’t call you is that I’ve lost your phone number.
    • The house where I was born is a very special place.
    • Paris, where I want to live, is the most beautiful city in the world.
    • I’ll always remember the river where we learned to swim.
    • I will never forget the day when I first met Susie.

Interrogative Adverbs

The interrogative adverbs why, where, how, & when are placed at the beginning of a question. These questions can be answered with a sentence or a prepositional phrase. After an interrogative adverb in a question, you must invert the subject and verb so that the verb comes first.

EXAMPLES
  • Why are you so late? There was a lot of traffic.
  • Where is my passport? In the drawer.
  • How are you? I’m fine.
  • When does the train arrive? At 11:15.
USES OF HOW

How can be used to form questions in four different ways. How can be used by itself to mean “in what way”.

EXAMPLES
  • How did you make this sauce?
  • How do you start the car?
  • How can I get to your house?

How can be used with adjectives to ask about the degree of an attribute.

EXAMPLES
  • How tall are you?
  • How old is your house?
  • How angry is mother?

How can be used with much and many to ask about quantity. Much is used with uncountable nouns and many is used with countable nouns.

EXAMPLES
  • How many people are coming to the party?
  • How much flour do I need?
  • How much are these tomatoes?

How can be used with other adverbs to ask about the frequency or degree of an action.

EXAMPLES
  • How quickly can you read this?
  • How often do you go to London?
  • How loudly does your brother scream?

ASSIGNMENT : ENG: Adverbs (Relative and Interrogative) Assignment MARKS : 30  DURATION : 5 days

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