ENG2: Listening and speaking

This unit is part of the basic introduction to English studies in O-level. It orients students on the skills of speaking and listening.

Organs of speech and hearing

Speech Organ  Defenition Any of the organs (as the larynx, tongue, or lips) playing a part in the production of articu...

Speech Organ ( Articulatory Systems) Speech Organ (Articulatory System)  LIPS They serve for creating sounds mainly the bilabial (/p/, /b/, and /m/) and la...

Speech Organ (Articulatory System)  ALVEOLAR RIDGE Hard ridge behind the upper front teeth. It is between the roof of ...Speech Organ (Articulatory System)  HARD PALATE • A thin horizontal bony plate of the skull, located in the roof of the...Voiced and Voiceless sound  The air stream from the lungs passes through an opening between the vocal cords, the glotti...Voiced and Voiceless sound  If you put a finger in each ear and say “zzzzz” you can feel the vibrations.  If you put ...


Pure vowel sounds

The definition of pure vowel in the dictionary is a vowel that is pronounced with more or less unvarying quality without any glide; monophthong. Pure vowel sounds are listed below:

Pure Vowels

Dipthongal glides

A dipthong also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.

Classification of diphthongs on the closing and the centring
Type        Constituent vowels
Closing     eɪ, ɔʊ, ɑɪ, ɑʊ, ɔɪ
Centring    ɪə, ɛə, ɔə, ʊə

Long vowels / diphthongs: [ɪ] eɪ, aɪ, ɔɪ, ʊɪ [ʊ] əʊ, ɑʊ [ə] ɪə, ɛə, ɔə, ʊə


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