ENG2: Reporting Speech; Orders, Requests, Hopes, Intentions and Promises

This unit is a continuation of the speech section and focuses on Reporting Speech; Orders, Requests, Hopes, Intentions and Promises

Reporting Orders and Requests

When we want to report an order or request, we can use a verb like ‘tell’ with a to-clause: He told me to go away. The pattern is verb + indirect object + to-clause. The indirect object is the person spoken to. Other verbs used to report orders and requests in this way are: command, order, warn, ask, advise, invite, beg, teach, & forbid.

EXAMPLES
Direct speech Indirect speech
The doctor said to me, “Stop smoking!”. The doctor told me to stop smoking.
“Get out of the car!” said the policeman. The policeman ordered him to get out of the car.
“Could you please be quiet,” she said. She asked me to be quiet.
The man with the gun said to us, “Don’t move!” The man with the gun warned us not to move.
REQUESTS FOR OBJECTS

Requests for objects are reported using the pattern “asked for” + object.

EXAMPLES
Direct speech Indirect speech
“Can I have an apple?”, she asked. She asked for an apple.
“Can I have the newspaper, please?” He asked for the newspaper.
“May I have a glass of water?” he said. He asked for a glass of water.
“Sugar, please.” She asked for the sugar.
“Could I have three kilos of onions?” He asked for three kilos of onions.

Suggestions

Suggestions are most often reported using the verbs suggest, insist, recommend, demand, request, and propose followed by a that clause. ‘That’ and ‘should’ are optional in these clauses, as shown in the first two examples below. Note that suggest, recommend, and propose may also be followed by a gerund in order to eliminate the indirect object (the receiver of the suggestion) and thus make the suggestion more polite. This usage of the gerund is illustrated in the fourth and fifth examples below.

EXAMPLES
Direct speech Indirect speech
She said, “Why don’t you get a mechanic to look at the car?” She suggested that I should get a mechanic to look at the car. OR
She suggested I should get a mechanic to look at the car. OR
She suggested that I get a mechanic to look at the car.OR
She suggested I get a mechanic to look at the car.
“Why don’t you go to the doctor?” he said. He suggested I go to the doctor. OR
He suggested that I go to the doctor. OR
He suggested I should go to the doctor.OR
He suggested that I should go to the doctor.
“It would be a good idea to see the dentist”, said my mother. My mother suggested I see the dentist.
The dentist said, “I think you should use a different toothbrush”. The dentist recommended using a different toothbrush.
You said, “I don’t think you have time to see the dentist this week.” You suggested postponing my visit to the dentist.
I said, “I don’t think you should see the dentist this week.” suggested postponing your visit to the dentist.
My manager said, “I think we should examine the budget carefully at this meeting.” My manager proposed that we examine the budget carefully at the meeting.
“Why don’t you sleep overnight at my house?” she said. She suggested that I sleep overnight at her house.

Reporting Hopes, Intentions and Promises

When we report an intention, hope or promise, we use an appropriate reporting verb followed by a ‘that’ clause with ‘would’ in it, or a to-infinitive clause. Verbs used in this pattern include: hope, promise, threaten, guarantee, & swear. Note that the word ‘that’ is optional when using a that clause, as in the first example below.

EXAMPLES
Direct speech Indirect speech
“I’ll pay you the money tomorrow,” he said. He promised to pay me the money the next day. OR
He promised that he would pay me the money the next day. OR
He promised he would pay me the money the next day.
“I’ll be back by lunchtime,” he said. He promised to be back by lunchtime. OR
He promised that he would be back by lunchtime.
“We should arrive in London before nightfall,” they said. They hoped to arrive in London before nightfall. OR
They hoped they would arrive in London before nightfall.
“Give me the keys to the safe or I’ll shoot you!” he shouted. He threatened to shoot me if I didn’t give him the keys to the safe. OR
He threatened that he would shoot me if I didn’t give him the keys to the safe.
“I will not tell anyone your secret” he said. He swore that he would not tell anyone my secret. OR
He swore not to tell anyone my secret.

Reporting Verbs

Some reporting verbs may appear in more than one of the following groups because they can be used in several ways.

VERBS FOLLOWED BY “IF” OR “WHETHER”
ask
know
remember
say
see
VERBS FOLLOWED BY A “THAT”
add
admit
agree
announce
answer
argue
boast
claim
comment
complain
confirm
consider
deny
doubt
estimate
explain
fear
feel
insist
mention
observe
persuade
propose
remark
remember
repeat
reply
report
reveal
say
state
suggest
suppose
tell
think
understand
warn
VERBS FOLLOWED BY EITHER “THAT” OR AN INFINITIVE WITH “TO”
decide
expect
guarantee
hope
promise
swear
threaten
VERBS FOLLOWED BY A “THAT” CLAUSE CONTAINING SHOULD, WHICH MAY BE OMITTED, LEAVING A SUBJECT + ZERO-INFINITIVE
advise
beg
demand
insist
prefer
propose
recommend
request
suggest
VERBS FOLLOWED BY A CLAUSE STARTING WITH A QUESTION WORD
decide
describe
discover
discuss
explain
forget
guess
imagine
know
learn
realise
remember
reveal
say
see
suggest
teach
tell
think
understand
wonder
VERBS FOLLOWED BY OBJECT + INFINITIVE WITH “TO”
advise
ask
beg
command
forbid
instruct
invite
teach
tell
warn

ASSIGNMENT : ENG: Speech Assignment MARKS : 50  DURATION : 3 days

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