ENG2: Possessives

This unit explores the possessives; adjectives and pronouns and how they are used in English grammar.

We add ‘s to singular nouns to show possession:

We are having a party at John’s house.
Michael drove his friend’s car.

We add  to plural nouns ending in -s:

This is my parents’ house.
Those are ladies’ shoes.

But we use ‘s with irregular plural nouns:

men women children people

These are men’s shoes.
Children’s clothes are very expensive.

We can use a possessive instead of a full noun phrase to avoid repeating words:

Is that John’s car?
No, it’s Mary’s. (NOT No, it’s Mary’s [car].)

Whose coat is this?
It’s my wife’s.
 (NOT It’s my wife’s [coat].)

Level: beginner

Subject Object Possessive adjective Possessive pronoun
I me  my mine
you you your yours
he him  his his
she her  her hers
it it its
we us  our ours
they them  their theirs

 

Be careful!
Possessive pronouns do not have an apostrophe:

Is that car yours/hers/ours/theirs?
(NOT Is that car your’s/her’s/our’s/their’s?)

We can use a possessive pronoun instead of a full noun phrase to avoid repeating words:

Is that John’s car?
No, it’s mine.
 (NOT No, it’s [my car].)

Whose coat is this?
Is it yours? (NOT Is it [your coat]?)

Her coat is grey.
Mine is brown. (NOT [My coat] is brown.)

Image result for possessives

Possessives: pronouns 1

Level: intermediate

We can use possessive pronouns and nouns after of. We can say:

Susan is one of my friends. > Susan is a friend of mine.
(NOT Susan is a friend of me.)

I am one of Susan’s friends. > I am a friend of Susan’s.
(NOT I am a friend of Susan.)

Level: intermediate

When two or more people do the same thing, we can use the possessive forms of the reciprocal pronouns each other’s and one another’s:

They helped to look after each other’s children.

Level: beginner

We use whose to ask questions about possession:

Pattern A Pattern B
Whose coat is this? or Whose is this coat?
Whose book is that? or Whose is that book?
Whose pens are those? or Whose are those pens?
Whose bags are those? or Whose are those bags?

 

Be careful!
Be careful not to confuse whose and who’s (= who is). They are pronounced in the same way but spelled differently:

Whose coat is this?
Who’s (= Who is) Stefan?

ASSIGNMENT : ENG2: Possessives Assignment MARKS : 20  DURATION : 3 days

SEE ALL Add a note
YOU
Add your Comment
 
X