English Composition -P.4

Basics of English composition taught in primary four

Vocabulary

excuse, sorry, lend, please, thank you, forgive, borrow, may

Structures

 Make sentences. Ask and answer according to the examples.

May I use your pen?

Yes, you may.

May I use your car?

No, I am sorry you may not.

Do you have any oranges?

Yes, I have some.

No, I don’t have any.

Please, forgive me for losing your pen.

It is fine

Don’t worry.

Jumbled words.

Re-arrange to form good sentences.

  1. likes, children, rude, Nobody,
  2. me, please, forgive.
  3. good, always, language, polite, it, to, is, use.
  4. late, sorry, I, am, am i.
  5. pencil, your, please, May, I, use?
  6. you, Thank teacher
  7. may excuse go out madam me I ?
  8. No, I am sorry I don’t have it.
  9. money, have , any, you Do?
  10. some, have, I Yes, left, money.

Written Exercise.

Guided composition

  • The Obedient Boy.

LESSON 2

BAD BEHAVIOUR

Pre-activities:

  1. Vocabulary .

rude,                    unkind,                 burn,                    lie,               fight,           careless,

abuse,        dodge,                steal,                    hit,              cheat,        disobey,

damage,   quarrel

Match correctly

a) rude ____________________

b) abuse _____________________

c) damage ______________________

d) steal _______________________

e) careless _______________________

f) lie _______________________

g) fight _______________________

  • to make bad remarks about somebody; to misuse.
  • not giving enough attention
  • to harm or spoil something
  • to take part in a war; to struggle with
  • say or write untruth.
  • take something without permission
  • showing lack of respect for people.

Language structures

Make sentences like the example

It is bad to tell lies.

You must not steal.

You should not abuse your elders.

He must not be rude.

We should not fight because it is bad

Punctuation practice

bad children are disliked.

  1. why are you abusing the old man
  2. what a rude girl she is
  3. if you steal you won’t go to heaven.
  4. do not disobey your parents
  5. mary is fighting her sister.
  6. while quarrelling I abused my friend
  7. i was careless on tuesday
  8. jane is unkind to elders.
  9. stealing abusing fighting cheating and lying are wrong acts.
  10. Written Exercise:

Bad bahaviour

Write a descriptive composition on: A badly behaved child.

Paragraph 1: Explain what you understand by bad behavior.

Paragraph 2:Mention and explain the different ways of bad behaviour by children.

Give examples.

Paragraph 3: Explain what may happen to badly behaved children. Give examples.

Paragraph4: Give a piece of advice to children who misbehave.

LESSON 3

SHOPPING

Pre-activities:

  1. Vocabulary

some,         kilogramme,        packet       a few,         a bar,         cost

cheap                  a litre                    price,                   expensive, metre,        item

  1. Use the words in sentences.
  2. Structures:

Some / any

Make sentences like the examples

(i) I have some sugar.

(ii) I don’t have any sugar.

Cheaper than / more expensive than

(i) A pancake is cheaper than a pen.

(ii) A phone is more expensive than a sausage.

  1. Conversation Practice:

Chloe goes shopping.

Chloe         : Do you have any biscuits, please?

Shopkeeper: Yes, I have some. How many packets would you like to buy?

Chloe         :         I would like two packets. How much money does each packet cost?

Shopkeeper: Each small packet costs two hundred shillings only.

Chloe         :Here is five hundred shillings.

Shopkeeper: Here are two packets of biscuits and your change. Thank you

very much.

Chloe         :You are welcome.

Written Exercise:

LESSON 4

TIME (PAST SIMPLE)

Our Trip to Entebbe

Pre-activities:

  1. Vocabulary

Weather, weather forecast, weather station, Stevenson screen, meteorology, meteorologist, beach, fishing, landing site, preserve, preservation, revenue, tax, gillnet, storm.

  1. Match the words to their meanings.

Weather ……………………………………………………………………………………

Weather forecast…………………………………………………………………………

Meteorologist……………………………………………………………………………..

Beach………………………………………………………………………………………

Fishing………………………………………………………………………………………

Revenue…………………………………………………………………………………..

Storm………………………………………………………………………………………

Preserve…………………………………………………………………………………..

– very bad weather with strong wind and rain.

– to prevent something from going bad, to keep in good condition.

– money a government receives from taxes.

– the condition of the atmosphere at a given time and place.

– foretelling of future state of the atmosphere.

– an area of sand or small stones beside the sea or lake.

– the act of getting fish from a water body.

– a scientist who studies the atmosphere and weather changes.

  1. Structures:

– having

– after

Example:

  1. After eating food, I went home.
  • Having eaten food, I went home.

Change the sentences like the example.

  1. After writing homework, I handed in my book.
  2. After packing my drink, I went into the car.
  3. After reaching school, I went to class.
  4. After greeting the teacher, I sat down.
  5. After taking tea, we crossed to the parking yard.
  6. After entering the buses, we opened the windscreens.
  7. After reaching the landing site, we got out of the buses.
  8. After touring the beach, we had our lunch.
  9. After playing in the sand, our teacher called us.
  10. After writing our compositions, the teacher marked them.

Jumbled Story.

Rearrange to form a story that flows.

  1. The information was in letter form.
  2. I took the letter to my parents.
  3. Last week was my class trip.
  4. Before that day, I got information from my teacher.
  5. I enjoyed the journey very much.
  6. We took the things home and waited for the day to come.
  7. I gave them a list of the things I wanted.
  8. The lady at the counter helped us to pack the items.
  9. We bought them from Game Supermarket.
  10. My parents were happy, too and they asked me for what I wanted.

Written Exercise:

My Class Trip.

Write a composition about your trip to Entebbe. Discuss with your teacher.

1st paragraph– how you came to know of the trip and how you prepared both at home and at school.

2nd paragraph– the beginning of the journey, where you passed, the time you arrived at the landing site, what you saw and learned.

3rd paragraph– how you left Kasenyi for the weather station, the time you arrived, the teachers who taught you, the instruments you saw and learnt, the uses of various instruments, etc.

4th paragraph– how you left the meteorological centre, the time you arrived at the beach, the food you were served, other eats you ate, how people behaved, the entertainment and games you played.

5th paragraph– the journey back to school, the time you arrived, the most interesting place and why, thanking the parents for paying the money and the teachers for the good organization.

LESSON 5

TIME (PAST CONTINUOUS )

Pre-activities:

  1. Vocabulary

continue              hold            was             bite off                 eat             were

while                    swing          when          read                     as               hide

Use the correct forms.

  1. I saw her when she was________________. (drive)
  2. While we were _________, they called us.(hide)
  3. As I was ___________ the food choked me. (eat)
  4. They were___________ maize while the rain was falling. (eat)
  5. Monkeys were __________ from branch to branch. (swing)
  6. We were __________ our hands when he came. (hold)

Structures

Make sentences like the examples.

  1. When I was playing, I fell down.
  2. As Sarah was sleeping, the bell rang.
  3. When we were swimming, the teacher was resting.
  4. I was peeling when I cut my finger.
  5. They were playing while I was reading.
  6. She met me as I was coming out

Make meaningful sentences from the substitution tables.

A

MusaThe boyThe childrenWe

They

waswereweaving a mat.playing football.stealing mangoes.reading our books.

travelling to Canada.

B

WhenWhileAsIweheKatowaswere

 

reading, the bell rang.playing, the rain started.dancing, power went offeating, Osama died.

 

Written Exercise:

LESSON 6.

DEBATING   (Revision)

Pre-activities:

  1. Vocabulary

motion        propose     opinion       debate      chairman   inquire

proposer    audience   point           current speaker

Make correct words:

a) badete ______________

b) prospero ______________

c) keaspre ______________

d) ponioni ______________

e) chiramna ______________

f) iedeaunc _______________

g) opitn _______________

h) tmooni _______________

Read and learn the following phrases.

  1. Point of information – when you want to give information.
  2. point of inquiry – when you want to ask a question.
  3. point of order – when you want things to be done the right way.
  4. point of correction / education – when you want to correct or educate a member.
  5. Point of defence – when you are defecting a member of your side.
  6. point of clarification – when you wish to have a point made clearer.
  7. Point of addition – when you feel some information needs to be added.

Roles

  1. Chairman : Is in charge of debate and grants permission to speakers.
  2. Secretary – records the good points of the debaters.
  3. Opposer: Speaks against the motion.
  4. Proposer: supports the motion.
  5. Time keeper: observes time.
  6. Critic: notes and corrects the mistakes made during the debate.
  7. Chief whip:- oversees order and discipline.
  8. Audience : people listening to and watching.

Procedure

  1. The chairman introduces and explains the motion.
  2. He invites the Secretary and main speakers to take their seats.
  3. He invites the main speakers to give their views in turn.
  4. He invites members from the audience to give their views.
  5. He invites one proposer and opposer to summarise points for their side.
  6. He invites the critic to give his / her remarks.
  7. He invites the Secretary to give his / her report.
  8. He concludes and closes the debate officially.

Written Activity.

Write points on the motion: –

Boys/Girls should be given bigger punishments. (Class discussion)

Para 1: Explain the meaning of punishment.

Para  2: Mention examples of people who normally punish children. Mention reasons why children are punished.

Para 3: Give and explain the reasons why you think (boys or girls) should be given bigger punishments. Give examples.

Para 4: Tell the young boys / girls how they should behave and the things they can do to avoid being punished.

 PICTURE COMPOSITION (ROADSIDE HAWKERS)

Road side hawkerPre-activities:

 

  1. Vocabulary

hot                              stomach-ache        afternoon                 doctor

walk home               dirty                            hawker                      horrible

roadside                   medicine                  stall                             swarming

hygiene                    cleanliness

Fill in missing letters

a) m __ d __ c __ n _ f) h _ __ _ ene

b) d _ _ _ y g) h _ _ k __ _

c) __ __ __ tor

d) a __ __ e

e) a _ _ ern _ _n

Structure

___–too  – to—- ___

Make sentences like the example

  1. a) The tea is too hot for me to take.
  2. It is very hot. I cannot continue.
  3. The drink is very sweet. I cannot miss it.
  4. The ice cream is very tasty. I can’t pass without buying.
  5. The pain is very much. I cannot bear it.
  6. The journey is very long. I can’t walk it.
  7. This medicine is very horrible. I cannot swallow it.
  8. The food is very dirty. We can’t buy it.

Guided composition.

Use the following words to complete the passage below.

afternoon                 flies                 drinks             hygiene                    doctor

Kagga                       not                  bottles           it     to

It was a very hot ___________. Kagga was walking home from school. He saw a roadside hawker selling _________. The stall was swarming with ________, but Kagga was too thirsty to bother about _________. He bought a drink from the hawker.

Further down the road, he saw an ice cream stall. He bought an ice cream and started eating _________ happily.

When _________ reached home, he had a terrible stomach-ache. He started ________ cry. His mother quickly took him to a ____________. The doctor told Kagga that he must have eaten some dirty food. He gave him two bottles of horrible medicine.

The next time Kagga walked past a roadside hawker, he did _________ buy anything.

 LESSON 8

LETTER WRITING (FRIENDLY)

Pre-activities:

  1. Vocabulary

address      receiver      name   date        salutation

writer          body          sender        conclusion

  1. Use some of the words in meaningful sentences.
  2. Sample letter

Greenhill Academy,

P.O.Box 7490,

Kampala.

 

10th July 2013

 

Dear Mummy,

Hoping that you and my baby sister are in good health.

I have written to inform you that life at school is very good. I am working very hard to get a first grade. My teachers give me a lot of support. I keep on asking them whenever I get a challenge.

Please, pray for me.

Your son,

Agaba.

Guided letter writing

Use the following words to complete the letter below.

Box             tear            dress           Olivia,         July,   of,     uniform

dear           to                be

Kabojja Junior School,

P.O.____80,

Kampala.

12th ____________, 2013.

_______________ Daddy,

How is your new place of work?

We heard that you survived the ______________ gas! How did you escape?

The purpose ___________ writing this letter is to request you _________ buy for me a new __________ for the school _________. The old one has become too short for me to put on.

I will ___________ very grateful if you accept my request.

Your daughter,

______________.

Written Activity:

Your birthday is next Friday. Remind your parent or guardian about it. Tell him or her when the party will take place, the place, the people you want to attend your party, the party wear you want and the eats and drinks they should prepare for you.

Use your school address.

ASSIGNMENT : English Composition -P.4 assignment MARKS : 10  DURATION : 1 week, 3 days

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