English Nouns – P.4

This is a lesson through the various English Nouns for Primary Four Kids in Uganda

NOUNS

Definition

A noun is a name of any thing.

Common nouns

A common noun is a name given  to things of the same kind ( type)

e.g. pens tables.

Singulars and plurals

Common nouns that take “s”

E.g. singular                                          plural

Bag                                                       bags

Girl                                                        girls

Lake                                                       lakes

  1. Common nouns that take “es”

These nouns follow a number of rules.

  1. Common nouns that end with a hissing sound. ( x,s,ch,sh)

E.g. Singular                      Plural

Box                                     boxes

Fox                           ………………………

Gas                          ………………………

Bus                           ………………………

Watch                       ………………………

Torch                        ………………………

Brush                        ………………………

Dish                          ………………………

NB Exception of ox – oxen.

UNDERSTANDING NOUNS VERB, ADJECTIVE, ADVERB WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW

Common nouns that end with y change y in to I and adds es in plural. However this rule works where they is preceded by a consonant letter.

e.g. singular                                                    Plural

country                                                        countries

lady                                                             ladies

lorry                                                            lorries

 

Common nouns that end with y preceded by a vowel letter simply takes s in their plural.

e.g. singular                                                    Plural

key                                                               keys

chimney                                                       chimneys

ray                                                              rays

toy                                                               toys

Common nouns that end with “o” take es in their plurals.

e.g. Singular                                Plural.

Mosquito                                       Mosquitoes

Negro                                          Negroe

Echo                                            Echoes

 

These don’t take “es they simply take “s”

e.g.  Singular                                               plural

ovacado                                                       ovacados.

Radio

Piano

Disco

Studio

Dynamo

Video

Photo

Bamboo

Igloo

Rhino

Hippo

Kangaroo

Banjo

Solo

Common nouns that end in “f” or “fe” change their “f” and “fe” to “v” and add “es”

Singular                                                                              plural

Leaf                                                                                    leaves

Thief                                                                                  thieves

Wolf                                                                                   wolves

Shelf                                                                                  shelves.

Knife                                                                                  knives

Wife                                                                                   wives

Life                                                                                     lives.

Those common nouns that simply take ‘s”

Roof, gulf , staff, stuff, proof, chief, golf, belief, handkerchief

Those common nouns that take either ”s” or “es” in their plural.

Dwarf , wharf, hoof, scraf,

Common nouns that form their plurals by changing vowels.

Singular                                                                plural.

Tooth                                                                    teeth

Foot                                                                      feet

Goose                                                                   geese

Man                                                                      men

Woman                                                                 women.

 

Singular                                                                plural

Abacus                                                                  abacuses/ abaci

Oasis                                                                    Oases

Crisis                                                                    ……………………..

Basic                                                                    ……………………..

Axis                                                                      ……………………..

Analysis                                                                ……………………..

Aquarium                                                                        Aquaria

Bacterium                                                              ……………………..

Fungus                                                                           fungi

Focus                                                                    ……………………..

Hippopotamus                                                       Hippopotamiles

Radius                                                                  ……………………..

Syllabus                                                                syllabiles

Stimulus                                                                ……………………..

Mouse                                                                   mice.

Louse                                                                    ……………………..

Larva                                                                    larvae

Fomula                                                                   ……………………..

Index                                                                     indices

Vertex                                                                   ……………………..

Common nouns that don’t change.

Countable

Singular                                                                plural

Sheep

Advice

Deer

Equipment

Luggage

Property

Baggage

Fish

Un countable.

Singular                                                                plural.

Money

Furniture

Information

Stationery

Sugar

Salt

Water

Soil

Sand

Milk

Rubbish

Common nouns that have “s” at the end but this “s” does not stand for a plural instead the nouns are in singular. When they are used in sentences they are followed by singular verb.

e.g. news , civics, mathematics, politics, sports, athletics, tuberculosis, mastitis, innings, physics, drafts, economic, mumps, barracks, headquarters, gallows, measles.

COMPOUND NOUNS.

Definition:

Compound nouns are words which are made of more than one one to make one word.

Compound nouns with out a hyphen.

Singular                                                                plural.

Black board                                                           blackboards.

Arm chair

Spoonful

Employment

Handful

Compound nouns with a single hyphen.

Here the last word takes the plural.

Singular                                                            plural.

Step – son                                                        step – sons

Check –up

Tape –measure

Mouse – trap

He – goat.

Tooth – brush

X – ray

Post – office

Bye – law

Goal – post

Girl – guide

Egg- plant

Foot – path

UNDERSTANDING COMPOUND NOUNS AND HOW THEY ARE SUPPOSED TO BE USED

Compound nouns which affect both words.

Singular plural

Woman – doctor

Man – servant

Exceptional where the first word changes to plural

e.g.

passer  – by passers by

compound nouns with three words using two hyphens.

The first word takes the plural.

Singular plural.

Mother – in – law mother – in – law

Guest – of – honour

Head – of – state

Teacher – on – duty.

Head – of – cattle Head – of – cattle.

Activity : Learners complete the table about the above

Lesson 9

GENDER NOUNS.

Definition

Gender is the dividing of some of the living common nouns in to female ( feminine ) and male ( masculine , merculine )

Gender formed by adding a prefix.

Masculine                                      feminine

Cock – sparrow                             he- sparrow

He – goat                                       she goat

Billy – goat                                    nanny – goat

Jack – ass                                    jenny – ass

Tom –  cat                                     tobby- cat

He – bear                                      she – bear.

Gender formed by adding suffix.

Masculine                                      feminine

Land lord                                       peahen

Head master

Step son

Choir master.

UNDERSTANDING GENDER NOUNS IN ENGLISH AND THEIR APPLICATION

Gender formed by adding a suffix “ess”

Masculine                                       feminine

Lion

Giant

Steward

Shepherd

Host

Patron

Prince

God

 

Gender nouns that form by adding suffix “ess”

Masculine                                      feminine

Emperor                                        Empress

Tiger

Author

Actor

Instructor

Waiter

Conductor

Except : tailor sea- mistress

Gender nouns that form by changing completely.

Masculine                                               feminine

Boys couts                                              girl guides

Bride groom

Buck

Nephew

Boar

Dog

Drake

Gander

Fox

Lad

Sir

Wizard

Monk papa

Ram

Stallion

Colt

Bullock

Activity 1

Giving feminine or masculine of any of the given gender.

ABSTRACT NOUNS

Definition

Abstract nouns are names of things which are not seen or tangible.

Abstract nouns from adjectives by adding “ness” at the end.

Adjective                                                  Abstract nouns.

Smart                                                     smartness.

Eager

Kind

Selfish

ill

Sick

Polite

Weak

Foolish

Happy

Heavy

Ugly

Lazy

Busy

Holy

Clean

Dry

UNDERSTANDING ABSTRACT NOUNS IN A VIDEO

Abstract nouns formed by changing the last t or te. To ce or cy.

Adjective                                                 Abstract noun.

Distant                                                    distance

Innocent

Silent

Absent

Patient

Present

Important

Constituent                                             constituency

Accurate

Pregnant

Urgent

Accountant

Efficient.

Abstract nouns formed when the adjective changes to other forms.

Adjective                                                 Abstract nouns.

Wise                                                       wisdom

Poor

Free

High

Warm

Proud

Long

Wide

Deep

Angry

Active

Safe

Dangerous

Old.

Dead

Succeed

True

Harmful

Painful

Abstract nouns from verbs formed by adding “ tion” or “ion”

Verb                                               Abstract nouns

Explain                                          explanation

Educate

Subtract

Introduce

Destroy

Pronounce

Repeat

Compose

Abstract nouns that end with “son”

Verb abstract noun.

Divide division

Express

Admit admission

Permit

Transmit

Submit

Decide

Expand

Extend

Abstract nouns formed by adding “ment”

Verb                                              Abstract noun

Develop                                         development

Govern

Pay

Punish

Excite

Entertain

Advertise

Employ

More from D.E.H.pg 87

Abstract nouns formed with out following any order.

Verb                                                       Abstract noun.

Depart                                                     departure

Arrive                                                     arrival

Choose                                                   choice

Fail

Sit

Lend

Speak

Lose

Serve

Receive

Advice

sell.

Abstract nouns formed from other nouns.

Nouns                                           Abstract nouns.

Neighbor

King

Child

Man

Lord

Brother

Brother

Mayorship

Poet

Friend

Leader

Relation

Slave

War

Martyr

Pot

Banker

Gocer

COLLECTIVE NOUNS

Definition:

Collective nouns are names given to a group of things collected to gether.

Examples.

  1. A group of sheep
  2. A group of bees.
  3. A group of cattle
  4. A group of people praying.
  5. A group of thieves
  6. A group of singers.
  7. A group of soldiers.
  8. A group of people watching a game.
  9. A group of people walking on foot.
  10. A collection of sticks.
  11. A group of people listening to a speech.
  12. A group of bishops.
  13. A group of people struggling see some thing or to pass.
  14. A group of people at a funeral.
  15. A collection of books, pens, pencils, files, and rulers.
  16. A large group of trees.
  17. A collection of books.
  18. A group of dancers.
  19. A group of sailors.
  20. A group of wolves.

WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW TO LEARN ABOUT COLLECTIVE NOUNS

Take this exercise in Noun Definition 

 

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ASSIGNMENT : English Nouns – P.4 assignment MARKS : 10  DURATION : 1 week, 3 days

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