ENG/P/4: English verbs and tenses

A course on tenses and verbs in the English Language

ENGLISH VERBS AND TENSES

Definition: a verb is an action / doing word. P.

Examples of verbs: dig, drive, cut, write.

TENSE

Present tense

  1. Present simple tense – Lower class work – Review on everyday tense
  2. Present continuous tense – Lower class work – Review on now tense.
  3. Present perfect tense – Lower class work – Review on participles. Of the main verb.

Present simple tense is commonly used when referring to actions which happen everyday, always, weekly, monthly, generally, etc……

Singular nouns or pronouns take verbs with “s” / “es”/ “ies”

Examples.

  1. Sometimes the teacher reads the news.
  2. She often washes her uniforms.
  3. Our housekeeper always carries our baby.

Plural nouns or pronouns which don’t take “s” , es” /ies.

Examples.

  1. Some times the teachers read the news.
  2. They often wash their uniforms.
  3. Our house keepers always carry our babies.

WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW TO LEARN MORE ABOUT VERBS AND TENSES

AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE AND INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES.

PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE.

An affirmative expresses agreement (yes)

A negative sentence expresses refusal / denial ( no / not)

Interrogative sentences ask questions with questioning words like, what , why, how, when, who, which, which, where e.t.c

To begin interrogatives at times we use helping verbs like do, does, is, did, had, has, have, will, was, e.t.c

NB A questions mark is always put at the end of an interrogative sentence.

Examples

  1. There is some water in the pot. ( affir)
  2. There isn’t any water in the pot. ( negative)
  3. Is there any water in the pot? ( interr)

QUESTIONS TAGS

Lower class work: Review on helping verbs in the statements.

Definition

A question tag is a short question that comes at the end of a statement.

NB positive statements take negative question tags.

Where as negative statements take positive question tags.

Examples

  1. He is sick, isn’t he ?
  2. I am in primary four, aren’t I ?
  3. We grow millet, don’t we?
  4. Musoke doesn’t dig, well, does he?
  5. Children enjoy swimming, don’t they?

WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW TO LEARN MORE ABOUT QUESTION TAGS

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE (present simple tense)

Lower class work: Review perfect forms of the main verb.

Definition

Active voice is a voice which clearly indicates the doer ( subject) and the receiver ( object) of the action of the verb.

Passive voice is a voice which shows or emphasizes the object and the action of the verb.

NB when changing from active to passive we use

Is + perfect of main verb.

Are + perfect of the main verb.

Am + perfect of the main verb.

Examples

  1. The dogs chase a goat every day ( active)

A goat is chased by the dog everyday (Passive)

  1. They wash their cups. ( Active )

Cups are washed by them. ( passive).

WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW TO LEARN MORE ABOUT ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE (Now tense.)

 

This tense is used to express actions which are taking place now.

Examples.

  1. He is running to school.
  2. The shopkeeper is selling sugar.
  3. They are coming tomorrow.

Use the correct form of the words in brackets.

  1. Mary is …………… the classroom. ( dirty).
  2. The referee is …………….. the game. ( stop)
  3. Jane is …………… under the tree. ( lie)
  4. They are…………… home work. ( write )
  5. I am ……………… the goat. ( write )
  6. Peter and Sam are ………….. their friend Betty who lost a mother. ( pity)
  7. The term is …………… on Monday. ( Begin)
  8. Grand mother is ……………. Her hair black. ( dye)
  9. We are …………English now. ( study)
  10. They are …………….. now. ( dine)

THE VIDEO BELOW SHOWS THE BEST WAY TO USE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSES

QUESTION TAGS (PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE)

Examples

  1. Mukasa is sleeping on his, bed, isn’t he?
  2. I am feeding the puppies, aren’t I?
  3. I am not feeding the puppies, am I?
  4. Children aren’t eating supper, are they?

Activity

Supply question tags to the following statements.

  1. I am revising my notes,…………………?
  2. We are not attending the meeting,……………….?
  3. The doctor is not attending to the patient,…………………?
  4. Schools are closing soon,……………?
  5. The farmer is not harvesting the crops,……………………..?
  6. Musa is climbing a tree, ……………………?

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE (Present continuous tense)

  1. I am writing a letter. ( Active)

A letter is being written by me. (Passive)

  1. A lion is chasing us. ( Active )

We are being chased by a lion. (Passive)

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE.

Lower class work :Review participles of some verbs.

This is a tense which deals with events which have just taken place.

Examples

  1. She has beaten the snake.
  2. We have put on redresses.
  3. Where has she gone?

Use the correct form of the verbs in the brackets complete the sentences.

  1. She has………… the teacher’s shoe. ( dirty)
  2. We have………….the beans today. ( sow)
  3. The baby has ……………. Down. ( fall)
  4. My uncle has…………..my school fees. ( pay)
  5. The teacher has not …………… us English today. ( teach)
  6. Jane has …………….. a letter to her mother. ( write)
  7. The mad man has ………….. poison. ( drink)
  8. I have …………… the money. ( lose)
  9. The stubborn boy has…………… a store at the man’s car. ( throw)
  10. The house girl has…………… dad’s cup. ( break)
  11. Sheilla has ……………. my answer. ( copy)
  12. The girls have …………. All the classrooms. ( mop)

WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE AND INTERROGATIVE. (Present perfect )

Examples.

  1. She has bought some sugar. ( Affirm )
  2. She has not bought any sugar. (Negative)

Has she bought any sugar? ( interrogative)

Activity

Change these sentences in to negatives then interrogative.

  1. The children have stolen some money.
  2. My mother has talked to some body about my behavior.
  3. The farmer has sown some beans.
  4. The soldiers have gone.
  5. My uncle has brought for us some guavas.

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE.(Present perfect tense)

Examples

  1. He has taken a ring. (Active )

A ring has been taken by him. (passive)

  1. They have learnt English. (Active)

English has been learnt by them. (Passive)

Take more English Exercises here

ASSIGNMENT : English verbs and tenses assignment MARKS : 10  DURATION : 1 week, 3 days

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