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MORE ABOUT THE FIRST BOER WAR
THIS VIDEO EXPLAINS MORE ABOUT THE 1ST ANGLO BOER WAR
It was the treaty that ended the first Anglo Boer war. It was between the British and the Boers.
It was facilitated by the British Prime Minister Gladstone who was fed up of the war and wanted quick conclusion to it.
The treaty aimed at claiming the Transvaal Boers to quicken the British federation plans.
Paul Kruger and Jourbert signed and accepted the peace terms on behalf of Boers
The treaty occurred in Pretoria the capital of Transvaal on August 1881.
EFFECTS OF THE CONVETION
The Jameson’s raid was mainly a result of misunderstandings between the Transvaal Boers led by Paul Kruger against the British subjects, the Utilanders under the influence of Cecil Rhodes.
The Utilanders were mainly English subjects who had gone into Transvaal to prospect for minerals
The leaders of the raid were Lieutenant Rhodes and Dr Jameson
The chief planner and architect of the raid was the rich cape Prime Minister Cecil Rhodes.
The men in power in South Africa were war hungry i.e. Paul Kruger and Cecil Rhodes only believed in war as a solution to their problems.
The increased number of Utilanders who were 3 quarters of the Transvaal population worried the Boers
Kruger’s mistreatment of the Utilanders because he looked at them as exploitative and could leave as soon as gold was exhausted caused tension.
Kruger’s harassment of the utilanders included
Kruger and the boers were determined to safe guard their economic and political independence.
The scramble for the mineral wealth in South Africa between the boers and the british.
The long held suspicions and hatred between the boers and the british since the great trek
The british since 1835 kept on following the boers
The poor military record of the british in the past
The rise of british imperialism and their desire to colonize the whole of south Africa
Rise of Boer nationalism championed by ultra-very strong nationalists for example Paul Kruger
Paul Kruger over taxed the uitilanders goods and machines which created tension
Rhode Cecil’s smuggling of firearms into Transvaal to check the growing strength of the Boers created panic.
When Cecil Rhodes tried to use the cheaper road transport across the Vaal, Kruger closed the Vaal drifts. Though he later opened the road later the atmosphere was poisoned.
The overthrow of the Pretoria convention in 1881 by Kruger from 1894 opened the gates for war.
WHY THE BRITISH LOST THE WAR
NB; it should be noted that Anglo Boer relations in the second half of the 19th century were mainly dominated by minerals and Uitilanders. The minerals have already been tackled. We should however, look at the Uitilanders before proceeding to the second Anglo Boer war.
THIS VIDEO EXPLAINS MORE ABOUT THE JAMESON’S RAID
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