SCI/P/4: FOOD SECURITY

PROPER HANDLING OF FOOD

  1. Food handling
  2. contamination
  3. food contamination
  4. eating habits
  5. food preservation
  6. food security

Handling of food in a way that prevents it from being contaminated.

WATCH THE VIDEO TO LEARN THE BEST WAY FOR FOOD PRESERVATION 

Ways of proper handling of food.

  1. Wash hands before preparing food.
  2. Wash hands before serving food.
  3. Wash vegetables and fruits before eating them.
  4. Prepare food in a clean place.
  5. Serve food in clean containers.

Importance of proper handling of food

  1. It prevents food contamination
  2. It preserves food for future use.
  3. It protects the food from pests.

 FOOD CONTAMINATION

The making of food dirty.

WHAT IS FOOD CONTAMINATION? THE VIDEO EXPLAINS IN DETAIL WHAT FOOD CONTAMINATION IS

Dangers of poor handling of food

  1. It spreads germs
  2. It causes the food to go bad
  3. It may cause food poisoning.

Ways food gets contamination

  1. Serving food with dirty hands.
  2. Serving food in dirty utensils.
  3. Houseflies and cockroaches
  4. Preparing food in a dirty environment.
  5. By dust falling on uncovered food.

 GOOD EATING HABITS

  1. Wash hands before eating food.
  2. Sit upright when eating food.
  3. Chew food properly before swallowing.
  4. Avoid talking while eating food.
  5. Chew food when the mouth is closed.

Bad eating habits

  1. Eating food with unwashed
  2. Bending/lying down while  eating food.
  3. Swallowing food  before  chewing it properly.
  4. Chewing food with  an open mouth.
  5. Putting big  lumps in the mouth at one time.

Dangers of bad eating habits.

  1. Eating food with unwashed hands contaminates food and may lead to diarrhea.
  2. Bending while  eating food interferes with movement of food in the alimentary canal.
  3. Swallowing food before proper chewing can lead to indigestion. It can also lead to choking.
  4. Talking when food is in the mouth and spitting food on other people near you.
  5. Big lumps can lead to indigestion.

 FOOD PRESERVATION

The keeping of food free from germs.

Ways of preserving food.

  1. Sun drying e.g. cassava, e.g. cassava, beans
  2. Salting e.g. meat
  3. Smoking e.g. fish
  4. Tinning/ bottling/ canning
  5. Freezing e.g. milk
  6. Refrigerating e.g. oranges, green vegetables, milk
  7. Roasting e.g. meat
  8. Boiling and heating 

FOOD SECURITY

This is when a family / community has enough food for eating all year around.

Food security can be achieved through.

  1. Growing enough food.
  2. Proper storage of food.
  3. Preservation of food.
  4. Practicing proper farming methods.

Importance of food security

  1. The family has enough food to eat throughout the year.
  2. It prevents deficiency diseases in the family.

WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW TO LEARN MORE ABOUT FOOD SECURITY

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