This unit highlights the the aims of teaching and the set out principles to follow. It looks at the syllabus as a collective teaching tool and teacher's own tools like designing a scheme of work. This is a very relevant stage in your teaching career to bare in mind


The Aims of Teaching

The main aims of teaching are to induce students to learn.

• Teaching is to inform and explain to your students any new knowledge they are expected to know in your subject area.

• Teaching aims at stimulating, directing and guiding students.

• Teaching aims at identifying learning problems.

• Teaching involves sharing experiences between the teacher and the learner.

• Teaching brings about a desirable change in the behaviour of the learner.

• Teaching makes the teacher to be interested in the development of his pupil.

• One aim of teaching is to bring the students together for better interaction. In the process of teaching, students mix
freely together and understand one another’s behaviour.

• Another aim of teaching is to have good interaction with the people in the community where the school is cited.

• Teaching is a deliberate and planned activity which is goal-oriented, meaningful and functional.

• Teaching helps to identify what to learn through the use of syllabus and the scheme of work drawn.

The Syllabus

A syllabus is a broad outline of the work planned to be done in the course of a year with each class in each subject. This course work may either be constructed by the school or imposed by some external examining bodies.

Syllabus is usually presented as a list of topics to be covered within a given period.

Rules Governing A Good Syllabus

• Aim – Work Planned should have an aim

• Relevant – Work planned should be relevant to the needs of the students and the society which they serve

• Work Load – It should contain a manageable amount of work, not over-loaded.

• Time -Work load should be capable of being completed within the time allotted

• Suitability – Work planned should be suitable for the age group and the stage of development for which the syllabus is intended.

• Previous Knowledge – It should take into account students’ previous knowledge or skills

• Correlation – it should be integrated or linked with other subjects in the school curriculum.

The Scheme of Work

The scheme of work is the breaking down of topics in the syllabus into series of lessons. Scheme of work in any subject is a clear and orderly statement of the work the teacher proposes to do in a given period.

The work is for a year and it is divided into weeks and/or terms. Weekly scheme serves as a good guide to the teacher

Scheme of work should contain the following:

• Term and Week

• Topic of Study

• Class Activities

• Teaching Aids

• Correlation with other subjects (related subjects)

scheme of work

scheme of work2

scheme of work 3

The Advantages of Using a Scheme of Work

• A scheme of Work makes a careful and logical arrangement of work to be done.

• It encourages course work to be covered within a stipulated period of time.

• In case of emergency, it allows for a substitute teacher to stand in for the regular/substantive teacher without much problem.
• It is a good instrument to evaluate the coverage of the syllabus.


Aims of teaching reveal the purposes or intentions that teaching is meant to accomplish. To be able to achieve the aims of teaching one must have a good knowledge of what the syllabus and the scheme of work entail. If the subject matter to be taught is not carefully drawn out in the syllabus and well spread out in the scheme of work, the aims of teaching may be defeated.

Source: School of Education, National Open University of Nigeria



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