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The St. Lawrence Sea Way
This is a water way partly artificially constructed from the gulf of St. Lawrence up to the western shores of Lake Superior which covers a distance of 3,800 km.
The huge engineering project was mainly to create deep navigable waters between L. Montreal and L. Ontario.
It was began in 1954 and opened in 1959. Other obstacles that had to be overcome include the Niagara falls.
The St. Lawrence Sea way was jointly constructed by the U.S.A and Canada. Both contributed finances towards the project.
The project employs 22,000 men at its peak. It cost 1.3 billion dollars. The problem of transport had existed earlier on but it took long for the project to begin. The project delayed mainly because U.S.A was unwilling to cooperate yet Canada did not have enough money to carryout the project.
REASONS FOR THE DELAY
However, some companies within U.S.A for example the United States Steel industry favored the constructed because it would get easy to iron ore, from Labrador and the western parts of L. Superior.
Later the U.S.A accepted to cooperate because;
By 1950, Canada had enough build the sea way alone she would monopolize the dues paid by the shipping company.
U.S.A also realized that if Canada was in full control of the sea way, she would also be liable to pay if she wanted to use the sea way.
Effects of rapid growth of New York on the environment
Problems faced before construction
Aims of the St. Lawrence sea way
N.B The Sea way was therefore a multipurpose project.
A MAP SHOWING THE DIFFERENCE THE ST. LAWRENCE SEA WAY HAS MADE TO SHIPPING
Before the construction of the Seaway
AFTER THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE SEAWAY
MAJOR OBSTACLES OF THE SEA WAY AND THEY WERE OVER COME. CLICK ON EACH OBSTACLES TO READ MORE ABOUT IT
HOW A SHIP PASSES UP RIVE THROUGH A ROCK.
A CROSS SECTION A LONG PROFILE OF THE ST. LAWRENCE SEA WAY UP TO GREAT LAKES.
A MAP OF THE GREAT LAKES REGION SHOWING ST. LAWRENCE SEA WAY, TOWNS AND CANALS.
The falls lie between lake Erie and lake Ontario. They are almost 100km with the Nigara falls passing through a narrow gorge with foaming rapids. The falls have led to the great generation of hydro-electricity power scheme. In the generation of hydro electricity power, water is used to turn the turbines that drive generators that produce electricity. The power is used for domestic and industrial purposes
This was built to overcome the Naigara falls as a hindrance to navigation. The first canal was built in the 1860’s and later on improvements were made and a modern well land ship canal was opened in 1932. As part of the seaway projects some improvements were made and these include;
This passes through a stretch of rapids on river st. Marie on L. superior and L. Huron it is the third and final link in the shipping route.
BENEFITS OF THE ST. LAWRENCE SEAWAY
PRODUCTS TRANSPORTED BY THE SEA WAY
PROBLEMS CREATED BY THE SEA WAY
PROBLEMS OF SHIPPING ON THE SEA WAY
DEVELOPMENT AROUND THE GREAT LAKES REGION
THE TRANSPORT SYSTEM
CITY /PORT DEVELOPMENT
It is located on the western shores of L. superior and is the main Canadian part in the region of the great lakes.
Other major cities are Milwaukee, Hamilton, etc
THIS VIDEO SHOWS THE ST LAWRENCE SEA WAY SYSTEM
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