SCI/P/4: GROWING CROPS

This unit is about Growing crops in Science Primary Four.

GROWING CROPS

Types of crops

  1. Cereals
  2. Legumes
  3. Root crops
  4. Fruit crops
  5. Vegetables
  6. Plantation crops

Cereals

Examples

  1. Maize
  1. Millet
  2. Rice
  3. Sorghum
  4. Wheat
  1. Oats

Legumes

These are plants with nodules on their roots and seeds in pods.

Examples

  1. Beans
  2. Peas
  3. Soya beans

Legumes have root nodules that keep nitrogen fixing bacteria.

Legumes make the soil fertile.

WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW TO LEARN MORE ABOUT LEGUMES AND THE TYPES

Root crops

They are      i)  root tubers

Ii) stem tubers

Root tubers

These are plants which store food in swollen underground roots.

Examples

  1. Cassava
  2. Sweet potatoes
  3. Carrots
  4. Yams

Stem tubers

These are plants which store their food in swollen underground stems.

Examples

  1. Cocoyam
  2. Irish potatoes

Fruit crop

A fruit is a well developed fertilised ovary.

Examples of fruit crops

  1. Jackfruit
  2. Mango
  3. Oranges
  4. Pineapple
  5. Apple
  6. Bananas
  7. Avocado
  8. Grapes
  9. Guavas
  10. Pawpaw

Vegetable crops

Types of vegetable crops

Leafy vegetables

Examples

  1. Cabbage
  2. Spinach
  3. Amaranthus (dodo)
  4. Bbuga

 Fruit vegetables

Examples

  1. Tomatoes
  2. Egg plants
  3. Pepper
  4. Bitter berries (Sodom’s apple)

Root vegetables

Examples

  1. Carrots

Plantation crops

Examples

  1. Coffee
  2. Cocoa
  3. Tea
  4. Cotton

WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW TO LEARN ABOUT PLANTATION AGRICULTURE AND CROPS

Groups of crops

There are three groups of crops namely;

  1. Annual crops
  2. Perennial crops
  3. Bi-annual crops.

Annual crops

These are crops that grow and die within a year.

Examples

  1. Maize
  2. Sorghum
  3. Peas
  4. Ground nuts
  5. Cassava
  6. Beans
  7. Tomatoes
  8. Cabbage
  9. Spinach

Perennial crops:

Crops that last for many years

Examples

  1. Coffee
  2. Tea
  3. Cocoa
  4. Bananas

Attachments2

SEE ALL Add a note
YOU
Add your Comment
 

DOWNLOAD YAAKA DN APP









X