This unit is about King David from when he was anointed to the next king who was his son Solomon.



David came in at a difficult time. He found a greater crisis than what Samuel and Saul had faced at the beginning of their work.

By the time of Saul`s death, the philistines were nearly controlling most of the land that had been settled by the Israelites.

The election of David a young shepherd to be a successor of Saul and his anointing as the one selected by God took place in private while Saul remained alive. He remained King and David wasn’t authorized to overthrow him or even lead a public rebellion against him.

King David - Ancient History Encyclopedia
King David

David entered the service of Saul as both a musician and soldier. Saul liked him at first. His defeat of the Philistine warrior Goliath established him as a warrior (1 Samuel 17-1:58) Saul`s son Jonathan was his great friend and Saul`s daughter Micah became his wife so he became Saul`s son-in-law.

David became very famous because of his good traits. When David heard od Saul`s death and Jonathan at the battle of Gilbal. He mourned for them in a good song which is preserved in 2 Samuel chapter 1.

The country split into 2 units. The men of the South showed their loyalty to David as the man to succeed Saul. Those from the North supported Saul`s surviving son Ishbosheth.

David established 2to himself at Hebron a city in the South but for some time fighting went on between the supporters of David and those of Ishbosheth. Eventually Ishbosheth was murdered by 2 supporters of David but David didn’t approve of the act. He condemned the murderers who killed Saul`s son.

After his death, all the leaders of Israel  approached David at Hebron; he made a sacred alliance with them. They anointed him and he became King of Israel (2 Samuel 5-1:13).




  • David tried to unite the people of God and established a monarchy in Israel which lasted for more than 400yrs. He also established Jerusalem as his city. It didn’t belong to any of the tribes of Israel because he put it in a natural place.
  • He was a great military genius. He fought with determination and courage. He used to defeat his enemies especially the Philistines (2 Samuel 5:17-25). He was able to drive out the Philistines back from Geba all the way to Gezar. He defeated the Amoabites, Edalites, Ammorites etc. David killed the great man Goliath who was a threat to the Israelite`s community.
  • He extended the boundaries of the nation through his military defeats (2Samuel 8-1:18). He was able to increase the tax base. The Moabites became his subjects and even used to pay taxes. (2 Samuel 8:2).
  • He promoted monotheism in the Jewish community by taking the covenant box to Jerusalem. He placed it in a tent that he had set up for it. (2 Samuel 6:1-20).
  • David is also given credit for laying a foundation for building the temple. However he was stopped by Prophet Nathan. (2 Samuel 7:1-17). Nathan gave him different prophesies like he was not the one to fight their enemies, God was to make David famous etc.
  • Davis decentralized authority by establishing counties and appointing representatives to handle various aspects of administration. This was a better arrangement from the days of the tribal confederacy.
  • David made an alliance with King Hiram of Tyre. Hiram sent a trade mission to David. He provided him with cedar logs, carpenters skilled labourers for his building programmes.
  • David had a good personality. He treated Methibosheth (Jonathan`s son and Saul`s grandson) with kindness (2 Samuel 9:1-13). He gave him everything that belonged to Saul and his family (2 Samuel 19:24-30).
  • David composed some songs and psalms. Many Psalms are attributed to him like Psalm 73,32,51 etc.


  1. The Bathsheba affair (2 Samuel 11:1-26), one of the greatest tragedy in David was the one related to Bathsheba and his eventual confrontation with Prophet Nathan. David who absconded from fighting a holy was deviated from God`s expectations after seeing a very beautiful woman (Bathsheba) he had sex with her and made her pregnant then sent for Uriah and sent him home in order to cover up his sin. He wanted the public to believe at Uriah was responsible for the pregnancy but being a faithful warrior Uriah refused to break the laws governing a sanctifying soldier. David tried to entertain him, he made him drunk but Uriah refused to go home. Instead he slept on his blanket in a palace guard room. Finally he instructed his army commander Joab to put Uriah on the front line where the fighting was heaviest and let him be killed. In this way David committed a number of sins.
  2. 2 Samuel 1 (Adultery, murder, admired another`s wife, lied, misused his position, disobeyed the law related to above David failed to respect the law of a sanctified soldier he absconded from duty and even had sex with Uriah`s wife.
  3. He left his army commander to be brutal to the subjects, his commander had unlimited subjects for example he effected Uriah`s death, he also killed Absolom (2 Samuel 18:6-33).
  4. He was a polygamous king (2 Samuel 3:2-5) (2 Samuel 5:13-16)
  5. He lacked from control over his family members Amnon David`s son rapped the sister of his half-brother Absalom after the encounter, Amnon was filled with deep hatred for her (2 Samuel 13:1-21)
  6. His son Absalom planned a rebellion against his father (2 Samuel 15:1-37, 2 Samuel 17: 1-14)
  7. In order to control, modify the independence of the tribal confederacy, David under took an ambitious project of taking a census which lasted for 9 months and 20 days, this was a test from God, he wasn’t happy so he made David to bring trouble on them. It’s believed that this census aimed at establishing facts about the able bodied men in Israel, they were to be forced to join the Army, forced labour and even to be subjected to over taxation, the census reminded of their commitment to God.


The intro of Nathan implies that Israel hadn’t been ignored by God.

  1. A warning against David`s wish to build a temple for the ark of covenant which had been placed in tent after reaching Jerusalem. The warning was given because of spirit of the Lord cannot be limited to an earthly sanctuary.
  2. David`s son would be the one to build a temple for the Lord. This would be a physical point where people would meet together in an atmosphere of Reverence (feeling of great respect for something) and single mindedness to worship God such an atmosphere keeps people from destruction, they can give God attention, share with other worshiper etc.
  3. God promised that the dynasty established by him will continue and even be blessed.
  4. One of his sons will become king.
  5. Will make him a famous leader
  6. Promised to give him constant support
  7. Promised that he would be a father to David`s son
  8. Promised that the Kingdom he established he would last forever.
  9. Promised David many descendants
  10. God promised David to keep him from his enemies.


A covenant box refers to something covered with gold, where they kept the two stones table and with the 10 commandments written on them. It`s often called the ark of covenant.

After settling David decided to move the Lord`s Ark from Jerusalem. In this way David wanted to symbolize God`s presence among the people, employing monotheism among the people, to make Jerusalem a religious central sanctuary, wanted the Ark to be near where it could be used for war, he also wanted it to be in a safe place, wanted to seek for protection from God, wanted the people to assess God`s blessings etc.

David called together the best soldiers and led them to Baalah in Judah in order to bring from their God`s covenant box.

They took it from Abinadab`s home on a hill and placed it on a new cast. Uzzah and Ahio sons of Abinadab were guiding the cast with Ahio walking in front.

David and all Israelites were dancing and singing with all their might to honor the Lord. They were even playing musical instruments.

When they came to the threshing place of Nacor. The oxen stumbled. Uzzah reached out and took hold of the covenant box. God became angry with Uzzah and killed him instantly because of his irreverence. Uzzah died their beside the covenant box and up to now that place has been called Perez Uzzah. This means punishment of Uzzah.

David was afraid of the Lord so he decided not to take it with him to Jerusalem instead he turned off the road and took it to the house of Obed Edom a nature of the city of Gath. The Journey was delayed after the death of Uzzah. It stayed there for 3 months and the Lord blessed Obed Edom and his family.

When David heard that the Lord blessed Obed`s family he fetched the covenant box from Obed`s house took it to Jerusalem with a great celebration.

After the man carrying the box had gone six steps. David made them stop while he offered the Lord a sacrifice of a ball and a fattened calf.

David wearing a linen cloth round his waist danced with all his might to honor the Lord. They took the box up to Jerusalem with shouts of joy and sound of trumpets.

Micah Saul`s daughter looked out of the window and saw the king dancing, jumping around in a sacred dance and she was disgusted with him.

They placed the ark in the tent that David had set up for it. He offered the sacrifice and fellowship offerings to the Lord. He blessed the people in the name of the Lord. He distributed food to them all. He gave them each man and woman in Israel a leaf of bread and a piece of roasted meat.

When David went home to greet his family, his wife criticized him, she said David exposed himself like a fool in sight of the servant girls of his officials.

     Watch video to understand more about the Ark of the Convenant


  1. It portrays that sacred duties were to be performed by only those anointed by God. Uzzah died because of his irreverence. Its possible to say that his death was caused by acute fear which he experienced when he knew that he touched the Ark which even the consecrated priest of God would only touch after purification especially when the Ark was carried into battle in earlier times. Only the priests were allowed to touch it and carry it.
  2. It showed the need for leaders to be exemplary in everything. David and his men participated ina joyful and ecstatic form of worship. David led his men in rejoicing in the presence of God. This portrayed that he wasn’t only a King but a holy servant of God.
  3. It showed the Israelites that God was to be worshiped in different form i.e singing, dancing feasting etc.
  4. It portrayed that God was a source of blessings. He blessed Obed Edom and his family. David also blessed the people in the name of the Lord almighty.
  5. It portrayed that David put God as first priority in his administration.
  6. It portrayed that respect to God can lead to blessings.
  7. Through the event Jerusalem became a central worshiping Centre.
  8. It portrayed that people had to ignore all those who were likely to mislead them.(Micah)
  9. It portrayed that leaders had to dance unreservedly to the Lord.
  10. It taught them that respect for God`s holiness was essential to the well being of the community.

The confrontation between Prophet Nathan and King David. 2 Samuel 12:1-22


  • We learn to accept our mistakes like David.
  • We learn to use our positions in a decent way.
  • We learn to appreciate what we have.
  • We learn to do others what we want to be done to us.
  • Christian leaders are called up on to respect God`s laws and the laws governing the state.
  • Leaders have no authority to set themselves above the demands of the law.
  • Political leaders should respect messages from religious leaders. David respected Nathan`s message.
  • Leaders should respect other people`s wives. David possibly was free to marry several wives as illustrated in the bible but he had no right to take a woman who was already someone else`s wife.
  • Leaders ought to appreciate the fact that even their subjects have a right to own good things.
  • There is need for leaders to keep themselves busy because an idle mind is the devils workshop. David had to be part of the people fighting
  • People should think twice before passing judgment.
  • Married people should be faithful to each other.
  • People should be able to control their sexual desires.




ASSIGNMENT : KING DAVID assignment MARKS : 10  DURATION : 1 week, 3 days

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