This is extraction removal from the ground.
Minerals are valuable materials under the earth.
Examples of minerals
|Minerals||Place where it is mixed||Methods of mining||Product|
|Copper||Kilembe, Kasese||Deep cast||CoinsElectric wires|
|Limestone||Sukulu Hills, Tororo (Hima) Kasese||Open cast||CementLime|
|Phosphates||Tororo||Deep casting||Artificial fertilizers|
|Crude Oil||Lake Albert||Drilling||DieselPetroleum|
|Gold||Moroto, Mbarara Kitgum||Alluvia mining||MedalJewellery|
Methods of mining
- Open cast.
- Deep cast.
Importance of mining industry
- It creates chances of employment.
- It is a source of incomes.
- Provides raw materials for industries.
- Social services are improved on.
Reasons why the mining industry is not developed in Uganda
i) Shortage of capital.
ii) Low technology.
iv) Insecurity in some areas.
v) Shortage of skilled labour.
vi) Poor transport system
Reasons why gold mining has not started in Karamoja
- Low technology.
- Shortage of skilled labour.
- Shortage of capital.
- Poor machinery.
- Poor transport system.
Reasons why crude oil on Lake Albert is not yet mined.
i) Shortage of skilled labour.
ii) Poor machinery.
iii)Poor transport system.
iv) Low technology.
v) Shortage of capital.
Problems faced by miners
i) Death of people in case the mines collapse.
ii) Flooding of miners.
Disadvantages of mining
- It leads to land degradation.
- It leads to displacement of people.
- It leads to pollution.