Physical conditions in South Africa do not favour crop farming. Most of the soils are poor as a result of basement structure. Large areas are of shape.
The climate is unfavorable with some areas under a semi-arid climate. Only 10% of the city is suitable for crop farming so pastoral farming is the alternative activity sheep and cattle are the dominant animals.
Sheep mainly reared for wool. Over 60% of the sheep reared are in the Cape Province where the annual rains are less than 510mm square is not ideal for crop farming.
Sheep have also reared in other provinces for wool production is an important export while the Merino is important for wool production and Afrikaner is for mutton.
Cattle ranching is important especially the exotic animals. The important ranching areas are transversal and Orange Free State, natal is most important in dairying; butter and cheese are processed in factories that are on dairy farms.
Most of dairy products and beef are for home consumption though some is exported to the UK.