SCI/P/4: PLANTING

This Unit is about transplanting in crop growing.

Transplanting

Transplanting is the transfer of seedlings from a nursery bed to the main garden.

Transplanting is always done in the evening.

WATCH THE VIDEO TO LEARN ABOUT TRANSPLANTING CROPS

Why seedlings should be transplanted in the evening.

  1. It prevents wilting of the seedlings.
  2. There is little loss of water from the soil through evaporation.

Gap filling

The planting of seeds or seedlings where they did not germinate in the garden.

Caring for crops

These are ways in which farmers care for their crops in the garden

  1. Thinning
  2. Watering
  3. Weeding
  4. Manuring
  5. Applying fertilizers
  6. Staking
  7. Mulching
  8. Providing shade
  9. Pruning

Thinning

The removal of excess seedlings from a planting hole or nursery bed.

Importance of thinning

  1. Reduces competition for sunlight, nutrients, space and water

Watering

The providing of water to crops or seedlings during the dry season or soon after transplanting

Modern watering of plants which farmers use in modern farms

Importance of water to plants

  1. For seed germination
  2. For making food
  3. For dissolving nutrients for roots to taken in
This is a local watering can which most local farmers use to water their crops

Crop growing practices

  1. Land preparation

It is done in the dry season to;

  • Prevent the weeds from germinating again after digging and ploughing.
  • Avoid the soil from sticking onto the how or plough

Ways of preparing land 

  • Digging
  • Ploughing
  • Slashing/clearing
  • Cutting big trees
  • Harrowing
  • De-trashing

Garden tools / implements used in preparing land

  • Hoes
  • Ox ploughs
  • Tractors
  • Slashers
  • Rakes
  • Panga
  • Axe

Importance of preparing land

  1. To soften the soil
  2. Digging and ploughing allows water into the soil.
  3. It makes planting easy.
  4. Digging and ploughing allows air into the soil.
  5. Cutting away big trees opens space for crops to get enough sunlight.

Selecting viable planting materials

  1. a) Examples of planting materials
  2. Seeds
  3. Suckers
  4. Stem cuttings
  5. Rhizomes.
  6. Bulbs.
  1. b) Quality of good planting materials.
  2. They should be mature.
  3. They should not be damaged.
  4. They should be free from pests.
  5. They should be free from diseases.
  6. They should not be too old.
  7. They should be of the same variety.

Importance of selecting planting materials.

  1. It prevents wastage of land
  2. It ensures quality plants.
  3. It prevents wastage of time.
  4. It prevents wastage of labour

Planting and sowing

  • This is the putting of planting materials in the soil to germinate.
  • Planting is done during wet/rainy season.

Reasons for planting crops in wet season.

  • There is enough water for seed germination.
  • The soil is soft for easy growth of roots.

Methods of planting

  1. Planting in rows
  2. Broadcasting method

Row planting

This is when planting materials are put in the soil in lines.

Advantages of row planting

It makes it weeding easy.

It makes harvesting easy.

It controls the easy spread of pests and diseases.

It avoids wastage of seeds and other planting materials.

It allows proper spacing of crops.

Disadvantages of row planting

It needs a lot of labour.

It is time consuming.

Examples of plants planted by row planting.

Maize

Cassava

Beans

Pineapples

Potatoes.

 Broad casting method

This is the putting of seeds in the soil while scattering them.

Advantages of broadcasting methods

  1. It saves time.
  2. It does not need a lot of labour.
  3. It does not waste nutrients in soil.

Disadvantages broadcasting method.

  1. It makes weeding difficult.
  2. It makes harvesting difficult.
  3. Pests and diseases can easily spread.

Nursery bed

A nursery bed is a small garden where seedlings are grown before they are transplanted.

Importance of a nursery bed

  1. It gives a farmer time to prepare the main garden.
  2. It protects seedlings from heavy rain drops.
  3. It protects seedlings from strong sunshine.
  4. It helps farmers to select healthy seedlings.

WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW TO LEARN HOW TO MAKE A NURSERY BED

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