USE OF CAPITAL LETTERS.
Lower class work: Capital and small letters.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O
P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
When to use capital letters.
- Beginning a sentence.
- Beginning a proper noun e.g. Names of people, countries, cities, lakes, river, days, months, e.t.c………….
- Writing abbreviations e.g. H.E.P, H/M, L.E, e.t.c
- Writing initials e.g. J.K.
- Writing titles e.g. UGANDA PRIMARY ENGLISH COURSE.
- Pronoun 1
- Writing names of God and Jesus Christ as well as their pronouns e.g. God, The savior, The Messiah.
Pronouns – He, His, Him
- When writing direct speech sentences e.g.
“I shall go to school tomorrow, “said Stella.
WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE USE OF PUNCTUATION MARKS
- Full stop (.)
- Question mark (? )
- Comma ( , )
- Exclamation mark ( !)
- Apostrophe (‘)
- Quotation marks / inverted commas. ( “ “)
When to use a full stop ( . )
- At the end of stam=tement (i.e ) sentences which are not questions or exc lamations.
- When writing initials of people e.g. J.B Musoke e.e.t…………
- When writing abbreviations e.g. A.D Anno – Domini e.t.c
- When writing small i) e.g. radii e.t.c
Questions mark ( ? )
When to use a question mark ( ? )
- At the end of an interrogative sentences (Question sentences)
- At the end of question tags.
Comma ( , )
When to use a comma.
- They are used in question tags to separate the main statement from a question tag.
- They are used in speeches to separate the speech tag from the main sentence. E.g. He asked, “Where have you put the money?”
- When separating relative clauses from the main clause. E.g. The lion, which was being chased by the whole village, was killed down at the furthest end of the river.
- When writing addresses, salutations and subscription in letter writing.
Kyengera parents School,
- Which writing figures with more than three digits i.e 10,000 , 1,000, 000
- It is used when separating certain words and phrases. Words e.g. however, there fore
Phrases e.g. in fact, of course, on the other hard.
- When separating words written in series e.g. One can buy tomatoes, oranges, bananas, apples and onions from the market.
Exclamation mark ( !)
When to use an exclamation mark.
- It is used when an exclamatory sentence exclaiming using “How “ or “ what” e.g What a beautiful girl she is !
How silly you are !
- What requires articles “a” or “an” with singular subjects and common nouns.
- What with plural nouns does not require an articles.
- How does not require an article or common noun.
- No inversion (I e) what a deadly snake a cobra is !
- It is used with exclamatory words such as
Alas ! e.g. Alas ! He didn’t reach there.
Ah ! e.g. Ah ! I have caught you this time.
Hurrah ! e.g. Hurrah ! She passed P.L.E
Oh ! e.g. Oh ! I am sorry to step on your shoes
Hullo ! e.g. Hullo ! You are welcome.
Oooops ! e.g. Oooops ! I have stepped in dirty water.
Inverted commas (“ “ )
When to use an apostrophe.
- It is used to show possession in nouns e.g.
- Alfred’s shirt ( singular )
- Ladies dresses ( plural )
- James’ bicycle
- Children’s uniform, oxen’s tails.
- Butchers’ , stationers’ (singular)
- When writing contractions.
- Our school started in 98. E.g
Quotation marks or inverted commas
British (“ “ ) American ( ۢ ۥ )
When to use inverted commas.
- They are used when enclosing the actual words used by some body.
e.g. They asked, “ shall we eat supper today? “
Punctuate the sentences correctly.
- They don’t know the answers.
- Those teachers lesson was interesting
- Moses car has been stolen.
- The boys dormitory is very dirty.
- Jane said I shall go to town tomorrow
- The ladies shoes are very expensive.
- President Museveni started ruling this country in 86.
- I shant go with you.
- Are you sick asked the teacher.
- John’s wife was knocked down by a speeding car yesterday
THE VIDEO BELOW TEACHES YOU HOW TO USE PUNCTUATION MARKS