Primary Four Punctuation

Punctuation Lessons for Primary Four Pupils

USE OF CAPITAL LETTERS.

Lesion 1

Lower class work: Capital and small letters.

Capital letters.

A       B       C       D       E       F        G       H       I         J        K       L        M       N       O

P       Q       R       S       T       U       V       W      X       Y       Z

When to use capital letters.

  1. Beginning a sentence.
  2. Beginning a proper noun e.g. Names of people, countries, cities, lakes, river, days, months, e.t.c………….
  3. Writing abbreviations e.g. H.E.P, H/M,  L.E,           e.t.c
  4. Writing initials e.g. J.K.
  5. Writing titles e.g. UGANDA PRIMARY ENGLISH COURSE.
  6. Pronoun 1
  7. Writing names of God and Jesus Christ as well as their pronouns e.g. God, The savior, The Messiah.

Pronouns – He, His, Him

  1. When writing direct speech sentences e.g.

“I shall go to school tomorrow, “said Stella.

WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE USE OF PUNCTUATION MARKS

Lesson 2.

PUNCTUATION MARKS.

  1. Full stop (.)
  2. Question mark (? )
  3. Comma ( , )
  4. Exclamation mark ( !)
  5. Apostrophe (‘)
  6. Quotation marks / inverted commas. ( “ “)

When to use a full stop ( . )

  1. At the end of stam=tement (i.e ) sentences which are not questions or exc lamations.
  2. When writing initials of people e.g. J.B Musoke e.e.t…………
  3. When writing abbreviations e.g. A.D Anno – Domini e.t.c
  4. When writing small i) e.g. radii e.t.c

Questions mark ( ? )

When  to use a question mark ( ? )

  1. At the end of an interrogative sentences (Question sentences)
  2. At the end of question tags.

Comma ( , )

When to use a comma.

  1. They are used in question tags to separate the main statement from a question tag.
  2. They are used in speeches to separate the speech tag from the main sentence. E.g. He asked, “Where have you put the money?”
  3. When separating relative clauses from the main clause. E.g. The lion, which was being chased by the whole village, was killed down at the furthest end of the river.
  4. When writing addresses, salutations and subscription in letter writing.

e.g. Address.

Kyengera parents School,

P.o.Box 28589,

Kampala.

Salutions

Dear Sarah,

Yours affectionately.

  1. Which writing figures with more than three digits i.e 10,000 , 1,000, 000
  2. It is used when separating certain words and phrases. Words e.g. however, there fore

Phrases e.g. in fact, of course, on the other hard.

  1. When separating words written in series e.g. One can buy tomatoes, oranges, bananas, apples and onions from the market.

 

PUNCTUATION

Exclamation mark ( !)

When to use an exclamation mark.

  1. It is used when an exclamatory sentence exclaiming using “How “ or “ what” e.g What a beautiful girl she is !

How silly you are !

NB

  • What requires articles “a” or “an” with singular subjects and common nouns.
  • What with plural nouns does not require an articles.
  • How does not require an article or common noun.
  • No inversion (I e) what a deadly snake a cobra is !
  1. It is used with exclamatory words such as

Alas ! e.g. Alas ! He didn’t reach there.

Ah ! e.g. Ah ! I have caught you this time.

Hurrah ! e.g. Hurrah ! She passed P.L.E

Oh ! e.g. Oh ! I am sorry to step on your shoes

Hullo ! e.g. Hullo ! You are welcome.

Oooops ! e.g. Oooops ! I have stepped in dirty water.

 

Lesson 4

PUNCTUATION

Apostrophe (‘)

Inverted commas (“ “ )

When to use an apostrophe.

  1. It is used to show possession in nouns e.g.
  2. Alfred’s shirt ( singular )
  3. Ladies dresses ( plural )
  • James’ bicycle
  1. Children’s uniform, oxen’s tails.
  2. Butchers’ , stationers’ (singular)
  3. When writing contractions.
  4. Our school started in 98. E.g
  5. Shan’t
  • Wouldn’t

Quotation marks or inverted commas

British (“ “ )                               American (  ۢ     ۥ )

When to use inverted commas.

  1. They are used when enclosing the actual words used by some body.

e.g. They asked, “ shall we eat supper today? “

Evaluation  activity.

Punctuate the sentences correctly.

  1. They don’t know the answers.
  2. Those teachers lesson was interesting
  3. Moses car has been stolen.
  4. The boys dormitory is very dirty.
  5. Jane said I shall go to town tomorrow
  6. The ladies shoes are very expensive.
  7. President Museveni started ruling this country in 86.
  8. I shant go with you.
  9. Are you sick asked the teacher.
  10. John’s wife was knocked down by a speeding car yesterday

THE VIDEO BELOW TEACHES YOU HOW TO USE PUNCTUATION MARKS

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ASSIGNMENT : Primary Four Punctuation assignment MARKS : 10  DURATION : 1 week, 3 days

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