The School, University or venue where you study from
In a paragraph, describe yourself in relation to your learning or teaching
Click to select more than one option (multiple times)
REACTION AGAINST APARTHEID
Well as some Africans e.g. the Inkhatha freedom party co-operates with the apartheid regime, the majority resisted.
Those who resisted include the ANC leaders e.g. Albert, Nekron, Mandela, Walter Sisulu etc.
The pan African congress (P.A.C) under Robert Sobukwe also resisted just as the mine workers led by Clement Kadalie also resisted.
THE AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (ANC)
ANC was the largest and best known national movements in South Africa.
It was formed in 1912 as the South Africa native congress
Dr. Xuma was the first known elected president of ANC in 1940.
AIMS OF ANC
THE ORGANISATION OF AFRICAN UNITY
O.A.U was formed on 25-05-1963 at Addis Ababa in Ethiopia.
It pressurized western powers that were selling arms to South Africa to stop.
O.A.U tried to weaken the military strength of South Africa by supporting rebels against her regime
It also opposed the participation of African sportsmen and women in competitions with countries with sporting links with South Africa.
O.A.U formed a committee of liberation based in Tanzania whose duty was also to liberate South Africa from apartheid.
It also issued the Mogadishu declaration (1971) and the Dar-es-salaam declaration of 1975 aimed at ending racism in South Africa.
O.A.U opposed dialogue with South Africa and the Bantustans set up to fool the world that South Africa was free.
Member states of O.A.U were freely encouraged to accept A.N.C guerillas to train in their territories e.g. Uganda and Libya.
O.A.U pressure led South Africa to improve some conditions in south Africa for Africans and even improved on her relationship with some African countries.
It maintained the diplomatic isolation of South Africa
Members voiced their anti-apartheid feelings in international Fore which also produced positive results.
24 member countries in 1976 boycotted the Olympics in New Zealand because South Africa was to participate.
Member countries contributed a certain percentage of their G.D.P i.e. 0.4% towards the liberation committee.
Some African countries like Tanzania and Zambia contributed soldiers and money towards fighting apartheid.
O.A.U leaders like Nyerere and Kaunda got diplomatic help of kicking South Africa out of the common wealth in 1960
O.A.U supported the imposition of economic sanctions of South Africa
O.A.U advised and thus prevented member countries from dealing with South Africa
All the above thus showed that O.A.U secretariat strongly condemned it.
WHY O.A.U FAILED TO ACHIEVE HER OBJECTIVES
Enter the destination URL
Or link to existing content