SAHIS4: SOWETO UPRISING

This Unit is about the Soweto Uprising in South Africa

 SOWETO UPRISING

On 16th February 1976, Soweto exploited into fire against apartheid regime.

The ringleaders were mainly children like the 19 year old Machinini but coloured and other old people joined the rising.

It was South Africa’s blackest racial uprising; the rifts extended into Cape Town, east London and Port Elizabeth.

THE VIDEO BELOW SHOWS HOW THE UPRISING HAPPENED IN S.AFRICA IN 1976

CAUSES

  • The extreme poverty in Soweto
  • The introduction of Afrikaans language as a teaching medium in schools
  • The coloureds joined because they were excluded from voting
  • The students opposed the new apartheid laws of 1953 and 1959 which had the following evils;
  • Education inequality between Africans and whites.
  • Afrikaans education was the lowest and of the poorest quality
  • Missionaries were expelled from African education
  • The bantu were to be taught in banks languages
  • African education received poor funding.
  • African classes were congested
  • Creation of tribal black universities with poorest curriculum
  • The students opposed the evil apartheid which included;
  • Use of passes/ passbooks
  • Low wages and bad working conditions
  • Poor social services sector
  • African enslavement
  • Injustice and oppression from the whites
  • Continuous murder
  • Imprisonment and exiling of Africans
  • Lack of political freedom
  • Hostile and brutal reaction of the government to the initial riots made it more violent
  • Widespread unemployment

RESULTS

  • Loss of lives
  • Depopulation
  • Destruction of property
  • Over 200 children were killed
  • Over 1000 children were injured
  • Many ,more children were imprisoned
  • Policemen who were so brutal were not to be taken to court
  • Steve Biko was killed and his BCM banned
  • Prime minister Voeister was criticized internationally
  • Anniversaries every year were held to remember the dead
  • 16th June was celebrated throughout Africa as the Africans’ child day.

THIS VIDEO EXPLAINS MORE ABOUT THIS

ASSIGNMENT : SOWETO UPRISING assignment MARKS : 10  DURATION : 1 week, 3 days

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