ENG/P/5: SYNONYMS, ANALOGIES AND HOMOPHONES

this unit helps us understand what synonyms, analogies and homophones are and how they are used in English grammar.

SYNONYMS

Synonyms are words or phrases that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language

Abandon   –  leave                                        denounce  –  condemn

Abbreviate  – shorten                                   desert  – forsake

Abrupt     –    sudden                                    diminish  –   lessen

Abundant   –  plentiful                                  drowsy   –  sleepy

Accurate  –   correct                                      edible   –  eatable

Ample –        plentiful                                    encircle  –  surround

Annual   –  yearly                                          endeavor  –  attempt

Assistance  –  help                                        energetic   –  active

Brief     –  short                                            enormous  –  huge

Cease   –  stop                                              excavate  –  dig

Centre   –  middle                                frigid      –  cold

Circular  –  round                                          generous  –  kind

Commence –  begin                                      gratitude  –  thankfulness

Compel    –  force                                          grave    –   serious

Comprehend  –  understand                          indolent   –  lazy

Conceal      –  hide                              industrious  –  busy

Courteous   –  polite                                   insane    –  mad

Deceive     –  cheat                                    intention  –  purpose

Deficiency  –  shortage                               interior    –  inside

Demonstrate  –  show                                  intoxicated  – drunk

Lubricate – oil                                              peruse    – read

Margin  –  edge                                             procure  –  obtain

Maximum  – most                                          prohibit  –  forbid

Minimum  –  least                                         prompt  –  quick

Moist   –  damp                                             rare       –   scarce

Motionless  –  still                                         reckless  –  rash

Necessity   –  need                                       recollect   –  remember

Odour      –  smell                                         regret       –  sorrow

Omen     –  sign                                            reluctant   –  un willing

Option   –  choice                                          reveal      –   show

Pathetic   –  pitiful                                         scanty    –  scarce

Penetrate   –  pierce                                     slender  – slim

Perceive  –  see                                            stationary  –  still

Sufficient  –  enough                                    unite   –  join

Wealthy   –  rich                                           youth  –  young

Pretty – beautiful                                         tested – tried

Courageous – brave

THIS VIDEO SHOWS THE USE OF SYNONYMS

EVALUATION

 Re – write the sentences using a simpler word in place of each underlined word.

  1. Her rings were abundant  in the North sea.
  2. A heavy meal tend to make one drowsy.
  3. Every Saturday Dennis lubricates his bicycle.
  4. The bungalow has been vacant for sometime.
  5. The minister of finance reads the budget annually.
  6. “Don’t conceal that information,” said the policeman
  7. Last year’s P.L.E was very difficult.
  8. What is the maximum temperature of a day in a desert?
  9. AIDS has no remedy.

Write the words similar in meaning to the following.

  1. Perceive                                    12.  obstinate
  2. reluctant 14.  rare
  3. prohibit 16.  demonstrate
  4. deceive 18.  brief
  5. ample 20.  comprehend

HOMOPHONES

Homophones are words pronounced in the same way but differ in meaning.

 Example

Break – brake                            right   -write                    tail – tale

Meat   – meet                            read – reed                      steal – steel

Bare – bear                         practice – practice                  weak – week

Blew – blue                           sell – sale                             through – threw

Cell – sell                                   oar – ore                          their – there

Dairy – diary                             missed – mist                  pray – prey

Stationery – stationary              fair   – fare                       peace – piece

Scene   – seen                          dear – deer                      sew – sow

See    – sea                              led – lead

THIS VIDEO SHOWS THE USE OF HOMOPHONES

Use the following words in your own sentences to show that you understand their meanings.

  1. peace 7.  hour                 11.  sun                 15.  week
  2. piece 8.  our                   12.  son                 16.  weak
  3. root 9.  there                13.  die                  17.  hymn
  4. route 10.  their               14.  dye                 18.  him
  5. knew                                                      19.  practice

ANALOGIES

Analogies are words which show some similarity.

 Example

  1. Cat is to kitten as sheep is to lamb.
  2. Sheep are to flock as wolves are to pack.
  3. Dog is to paw as horse is to hoof.
  4. Food is to famine as water is to drought.
  5. Uncle is to nephew as aunt is to niece
  6. Husband is to wife as king is to queen.
  7. Nose is to smell as tongue is to taste.
  8. Knife is to cut as gun is to shoot.
  9. Walk is to legs as fly is to wings.
  10. Arrow is to bow as bullet is to rifle.
  11. Father is to son as mother is to daughter.
  12. Water is to food as liquid is to solid.
  13. Rich is to poor as ancient is to modern.
  14. Trees is to forest as sheep is to flock.
  15. Whisper is to shout as walk is to run.
  16. Hearing is to ear as sight is to eye.
  17. Statue is to sculptor as book is to author.
  18. Table is to wood as window is to plane.
  19. Bee is to hive as cow is to byre.
  20. One is to dozen as dozen is to gross.

THIS VIDEO SHOWS THE USE OF ANALOGIES

  EVALUATION 

  1. Boy is to girl as ………………………is to girl guide.
  2. Kampala is to Uganda as Kigali is to ……………………….
  3. Cow is to beef as pig is to ……………………………………….
  4. Calf is to elephant as …………………………..is to goat.
  5. Oval is to egg as ………………………….is to orange
  6. Steam is to ……………………………………… as smoke is to fire.
  7. Eat is to ……………………………..as go as to went.
  8. Day is to week as …………………………….is to year.
  9. Flock is to ………………………………as herd is to cattle.
  10. Drive is to car as ………………………………is to aeroplane.
  11. ………………………..is to cols as seldom is to often.
  12. ………………………………is to donkey as neigh is to horse.
  13. …………………………..are to birds as scales are to fish.
  14. Wing is to bird as fin is to ………………………………….
  15. North is to …………………………………as east is to west.

 

Using “When did  ……?

 

From questions to the given statements

Examples

  1. When did Musa pin up the information on the notice board?

Musa pinned up the information on the noticeboard on Monday.

 

Evaluation

Ref.  Mk  Bk  5  pg  28

 

  1. Using: “When is  ………?”

Study the table and form questions and answers about it.

Example

When is Agaba going for prayers?

Agaba is going for prayers at eight o’clock.

 

Evaluation

Agaba          –          going for prayers –          8:00am

Tiperu          –        cleaning the verandor     –        9:00am

Onzi            –        collecting books              –        10:00am

Akullo          –        washing his bicyle           –        4:00pm

Kabiri           –        going for prayers             –        9:00am

Nyanzi         –        feeding pests                  –        10:00am

Mugisha       –        shining shoes                  –        11:00am

Fatuma        –        emptying distbin             –        1: 00pm

 

Using was / were ……………?

Study the table and form questions and answers about it.

Examples

When was Rose chairing the debate?

Rose was chairing the debate at 2:00 am on Tuesday.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Girls at the swimming pool.
  2. The boys attending music festivals.
  3. All the pupils at the assembly.
  4. The maids serving at the party.
  5. The minister, chief guest at a workshop on Art and craft.
  6. Pupils doing handwork.
  7. The parents, attending the agricultural show.
  8. The headmistress, that the concert.
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