TENSES P.5

this unit is about understanding tenses as they are used in English grammar

dPRESENT SIMPLE TENSE

Present simple tense is every day. In this tense singular subjects of the sentence, you add “s” to the main verb. For the singular third person while with plural subjects and “I” you don’t add “s” .

Examples: Affirmative sentences

  1. Robert eats cassava every day.

Robert and Jane eat cassava every day.

 

  1. You play football every evening.

You don’t play football every evening.

THIS VIDEO SHOWS THE USE OF PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE

EVALUATION

Turn the following sentences into negative sentences

  1. Our teacher speaks English fluently every day.
  2. The baby cries every day.
  3. My mother draws water from the well everyday.
  4. Joyce lies on the bed everyday.
  5. The timekeeper rings the bell everyday.
  6. She always fetches water.
  7. Tom and Aaron do homework from home everyday.
  8. The drivers drive cars everyday.
  9. The children keep their books in the desks everyday.
  10. Joseph and Mary study at Rubaga Primary school everyday.

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

Affirmative sentences can be changed into interrogative sentences.

To change sentences to interrogative, you ought to begin with a verb.

Example

  1. Robert eats cassava everyday.

Robert does eat cassava everyday.

Does Robert eat cassava everyday?

  1. I play chess every evening

I do play chess every evening.

Do I play chess every evening?

THIS VIDEO ILLUSTRATES INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

EVALUATION

Change the following sentences from Affirmative to interrogative.

  1. Wesonga completes his homework before going to bed.
  2. Our teacher of English marks our books daily.
  3. That man washes cars in the washing bay.
  4. Wefafa and Nafutali sit under that tree every evening.
  5. Jesse cleans his house before leaving for work.
  6. The porter pushes a wheel barrow every day.
  7. The class monitor goes to the staffroom after every lesson.
  8. He carries a school bag every day.
  9. They brush their teeth every after each meal.
  10. Walumbe hits at each door once very month.

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

Active voice is a voice which clearly indicates the doer (subject) and the receiver (object) of the action of the verb. The passive voice shows or emphasizes the object and the action of the verb.To change sentences from active to passive voice, we use:Is +} perfect main verbAre + Example:

  1. Mr. Tusiime drives a corona car.

A corona car is driven by Mr. Tusiime.

 

  1. Wegoye and Nantayi teach us every day.

We are taught by Wegoye and Nantayi everyday.

THIS VIDEO SHOWS ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

EVALUATION

  1. Masai fetches water every evening.
  2. Walugaga and Massa play football very well.
  3. Those boys eat chocolate in class every day.
  4. Suzan sings a beautiful song on parade.
  5. We draw pictures of frogs every afternoon.
  6. The baby spoils your dress every day.
  7. Sesanga and Nantaba play ludo daily.
  8. They water plants during dry season.
  9. The policemen often arrest wrong doers.
  10. We pick mangoes from our grandfather’s tree.

QUESTION TAGS

There are two types of question tags i.e positive and negative question tags. Negative question tags are used in affirmative sentences while positive question tags are used in negative sentences and commands.

Examples

  1. Mussime collects books every day.

Musiime does collect books every day, doesn’t he?

  1. Musiime doesn’t collect books every day

THIS VIDEO SHOWS THE USE OF QUESTION TAGS

EVALUATION

Supply suitable question tags to the following sentences

  1. That boy washes his stockings everything.
  2. Our teachers often advised us to behave well.
  3. The headmaster doesn’t drive a white car.
  4. George and Peter mop this room every Saturday.
  5. Kwezi doesn’t boil water for drinking.
  6. Our parents pay our school fees.
  7. Luzze and Kamukma often disturb us in class.
  8. Waluzi types his work by himself.
  9. Opio and Okia like playing in class.
  10. It doesn’t rain every day.

Interrogative sentences (Questions)

Affirmative sentences can be changed into interrogative sentences. To change sentences to interrogative, begin with a helping verb.

Examples

  1. David is breaking a bucket.

Is David breaking a bucket?

  1. I am looking at the flower.

Am I looking at the flower?

  1. They are watching the match.

Are they watching the match?

EVALUATION

Re – write in interrogative

  1. Jack is blowing the whistle.
  2. They are buying a pen.
  3. The lady is feeding a baby.
  4. We are seeing a bird.
  5. He is paying the pen.
  6. My mother is preparing tea.
  7. I am writing a letter.
  8. You are eating apples.
  9. We are making boxes.
  10. Joan is singing a song.

 

    1. QUESTION TAGS Examples
      1. The girl is breaking the glass, isn’t she?
      2. They are not playing football, are they?
      3. I am going to church, aren’t I?
      4. I am not going to school, am i?

       

      EVALUATION

      Supply suitable questions tags

      1. The man is cutting a tree,…………………………………………?
      2. he is not helping her, ………………………………………………?
      3. I am eating food,……………………………………………….?
      4. The dog is eating bones,…………………………………….?
      5. They are not reading novels,………………………………………..?
      6. Doris is carrying a basket,………………………………………..?
      7. The girls are not plucking flowers, …………………………………………?
      8. The headmaster is meeting the scouts, ………………………………………?
      9. She is not holding a stick, ………………………………………………?
      10. Alice is cleaning the room, …………………………………………..?

       

       

      PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

      It is also called the now tense. The helping verbs are “is” “am” and “are” when constructing a sentence, you add “ing” to the main verb.

       

      Note: Main verbs with short vowels before the final consonant double the final consonants and then take “ing” at the end.

      E.g slap   – slapping ,               sit – sitting

      Clap   – clapping ,             mop – mopping

       

      Examples: Affirmative sentences

      1. She is working now.
      2. They are swimming in the river.
      3. My sister is putting the cup on the table.

      Affirmative sentences can be changed to negative sentences.

      1. She is working now.

      She is not working now.

      1. I am going with her.

      I am not going with her.

      1. My sister is putting the cup on the table.

      My sister is not putting the cup on the table.

      1. They are swimming in the river.

      They are not swimming in the river.

       

      Turn the following sentences into affirmative

      1. John is cutting grass.
      2. David is making a toy.
      3. The girls are washing clothes
      4. Mary is eating mangoes.
      5. We are bringing the chairs.
      6. The cat is killing the rat.
      7. Phillip is hammering a peg.
      8. The woman is driving a car.
      9. I am mopping the house.
      10. The women are driving cars.

       

      Active and Passive voice

      Helping verbs   is

      being + participle

      Are

      Examples

      1. They are making boxes.

      Boxes are being made.

       

      1. Alice is cleaning the room.

      The room is being cleaned by Alice.

      1. Bees are making honey.

      Honey is being made by bees.

      EVALUATION

      Change to passive voice

      1. The boy is kicking a ball.
      2. John is watering the crops.
      3. He is driving a car.
      4. Monica is laying a table.
      5. Martin is throwing a stone.
      6. The mechanic is repairing a car.
      7. We are painting our house.
      8. The patient is examining the doctor.
      9. The teachers are calling us.
      10. We are reading books.

       

      PAST SIMPLE TENSE

      The past simple tense is yesterday tense. In past simple the main verb is distinct and always stands alone. It doesn’t matter whether the subject is plural or singular. The verb doesn’t change. The adverb of time for this tense is mainly “yesterday” and “last”

      Affirmative sentences

      Examples

      1. The man spoke good English yesterday.
      2. The cat chased the rat yesterday.

       

      Turn the above affirmative sentences to negative form.

      1. The man didn’t speak good English yesterday.
      2. The cat didn’t chase the rat yesterday.

       

      EVALUATION

      1. The boy tore my shirt yesterday.
      2. They chose the red colors only.
      3. This coat cost me sh. 100,000/=
      4. The wrongdoers swore not to do it again.
      5. The men held the rope tightly during the tug – of – war.
      6. The teacher punished those who didn’t complete the homework.
      7. She swung her belt in air.
      8. The whole class stood up to greet the visitor.
      9. The newsmen broadcast sad news over the radio.
      10. The pedestrians walked along the high street.

       

       Interrogative sentences

      Turn the given affirmative sentences to interrogative.

      Examples

      1. She took the food to the hospital yesterday.

      She didn’t take the food to the hospital.

      1. The stranger spoke French.

      The strangers didn’t speak French.

       

      EVALUATION

      1. Jonah and I played cards last morning.
      2. Yowana clapped hands because of happiness.
      3. The shepherd grazed in the bush yesterday.
      4. They danced the whole day.
      5. She began her homework late.
      6. The spectators watched the match between Uganda Cranes and Harambe stars.
      7. We shouted in class the whole day.
      8. Your father smoked a pipe last evening.
      9. Those boys quarreled over food.
      10. The customer cheated the seller of meat.

       

      Active and Passive voice

      To change from active to passive voice in the past simple tense, we use:

      Was}   + perfect of the main verb.

      Were

      Examples

      1. The dog chased the goat yesterday.

      The goat was chased by the dog yesterday.

      1. Nakasongola raised legs up instead of hands.

      Nakasolya’s legs were raised up instead of hands.

       

      EVALUATION

      1. Pupils learnt English lessons yesterday.
      2. The policemen beat the thief to death.
      3. He sought his books every time.
      4. We ate mangoes form our grandfather’s tree.
      5. The hen laid an egg in the basket.
      6. They wove mats yesterday evening.
      7. Jamirah beat the cats at home.
      8. The bitch fed its puppies late evening.
      9. My mother mended my shorts whenever they were torn.
      10. Netballers played netball on Sunday.

       

      QUESTION TAGS

      A question tag is a short question attached or added to affirmative and negative statements.

      Examples

      Supply suitable questions tags to these sentences

      1. The dog ate your hen.

      The dog did eat your hen, didn’t it?

      1. The bursar didn’t pay me, did she?An affirmative statement needs a negative question tag.A negative statement needs an affirmative question tag.Helping verbs are repeated in the tag if they are used in the sentence.Examples .
        • She has gone to town, hasn’t she?
        • It is raining, isn’t it?
        • They are eating lunch, aren’t they?
        • She was here yesterday, wasn’t she?
        • John isn’t mad, is he?

        Other verbs take do, does and did in the tag.

        Examples

        • You don’t have anything to tell me, do you?
        • He likes posho, doesn’t he?
        • We came to school late, didn’t we?

        There must be a comma to separate the statement from the question tag. The tag is written beginning with a small letter because it begins a short question which is attached to the statement.

      SPECIAL FORMS OF TAGS.

      • I am : this takes the tag …………..,aren’t I ?Or ……………,am I not ?

      Examples

      -I am happy with your work, aren’t I ?/ am I not ?

      -I am not happy with your work, am I ?

      1. used to : this takes the tag……,did.

      Examples .

      -They used to play tennis, didn’t they ?

      -You used not to be lazy, did you ?

      1. 3.   Shall/will: used to show politeness.

      Examples.

      -Do it for me, will you?

      -Let’s do it for ourselves, shall we?

      -Allow me go today, will you ?

      -Let’s go out, shall we?

      1. need/needn’t: this takes the form ….do …or..don’t.

      Examples .

      • We need a lot of money, don’t we?
      • We don’t need a lot of money, do we?

      Exercise.

      Complete the following statements with the correct question tags.

      1. You need to see a doctor,……………………………………….?
      2. I don’t need to tell you, ……………………………………………?
      3. He needs to work hard,……………………………………………?
      4. They needed some money,………………………………………..?
      5. Let’s read orally, …………………………………………………….?
      6. Go and call him for me,………………………………………..?
      7. I am reading very hard,………………………………………?
      8. She used to make noise in class,…………………………………?
      9. He used not to cry for food, …………………………………………?
      10. We need to be more careful,…………………………………….?

       

      EVALUATION

      1. You met him on the way home.
      2. The doctor treated them last night.
      3. The market burnt to ashes.
      4. Mulongo washed your father’s car.
      5. My parents left me in the park.
      6. You failed the test last time.
      7. Our guests arrived late.
      8. They contributed greatly to our party.
      9. You saw them in the church.

       

      TOPICAL QUESTIONS

      Use the correct form of the words in brackets to complete the sentences.

      1. The porter is ……………………….the dinning hall now. ( mop)
      2. Our teacher often, ……………………..at school early. ( arrive)
      3. The cook …………………………the crops in the draw now. ( put)
      4. Who ……………………….this shirt of your.
      5. The newsmen …………………………sad news over the radio yesterday. (broadcast)
      6. Did those children   ……………………………a lot? ( cry)
      7. The teachers didn’t ………………………….our exercise books. ( mark)
      8. That cat ……………………………..because it has a broken leg. ( limb)

       

      Complete the sentences with correct questions tags.

      1. I am competing my mathematics homework, ……………………….?
      2. You eat and drink every day, …………………………………..?
      3. The class monitress rubbed off this work, ……………………………?
      4. They are eating porridge, …………………………………………………?
      5. The teacher punished you for late coming, …………………………………..?

       

      Rewrite the given sentences as instructed in the brackets.

      1. The man threw our ball in the pit. ( Begin: Our …………….)
      2. Our teacher is marking exercise books now. ( Begin: Exercise books………………………………)
      3. A dog chased a hen in the field. ( begin: A hen ……………..)
      4. Mr. Mukasa did not teach us English. ( rewrite without using: ……………….not …………………)
      5. The headmaster addressed the school on Friday. ( rewrite as negative)
      6. Mr. Mandu is not teaching now. (Re- write as affirmative)
      7. Our parents are teaching movies now. (Begin: Movies…………………………)

     

 

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