This Unit is about the Climate of Uganda and it's different types.


  • Climate is the average weather condition of a place recorded for a long period of time 30-35 years

Factors which influence the climate of an area

(i)         Latitude.

(ii)        Altitude.

(iii)       Nature of vegetation.

(iv)       Human activities.

(v)      Distance from water bodies

(vi)      Prevailing winds

(i) Altitude: The effects of altitude

  • Altitude is the height above sea level.
  • It is measured by an instrument called an altimeter.

(ii) Distance from water bodies

  • Place near larger water bodies receive a lot of rain.
  • Winds that blow  across large the water body carry a lot of moisture which rise up to form rainfall.
  • Wind that blows from land towards the sea is dry.
  • They do not bring more rain.

(iii) Latitude (Distance from the Equator)

  • Places near the equator are hotter than places far away from the equator .
  • Places near the equator experience high temperature than places far away from the equator hence receiving a lot of rainfall due to high evaporation and transpiration from and trees.

(iv) Human Activities

  • Places where large forests are planted have a lot of rainfall.
  • Places where people have cut down trees on a large scale experience dry condition with very little rain.

How does clearing of natural vegetation affect the area.

(i)         It reduces chances of rainfall formation.

(ii)      It displaces wild animals who live in it.

(iii)     It leads to soil erosion

 (v)The Nature of vegetation

  • Places that have thick forests receive plenty of rainfall while places with little or no vegetation are very dry.
  • The type of rainfall received near large forests and water bodies is convectional rainfall.

Climatic regions of Uganda

These include:

(i)         Tropical climate.(wet and dry)

(ii)        Equatorial climate.(hot and wet)

(iii)       Mountain climate.(cool)

  • Semi-arid climate.(little rainfall and dry areas).
  • Tropical Climate
  • The tropical climate is described as dry and wet
  • Most parts of Uganda experience tropical climate.

Why do most parts of Uganda receive tropical climate?

  • Uganda lies within the tropics.
  • Tropical climate is experienced between tropic of cancer and tropic of Capricorn.

Economic activities carried out in Tropical climate regions(wet and dry areas)

(i)         Crop farming

(ii)        Tourism.

(iii)       Mining.

(iv)       Fishing.

(v)        Cattle keeping. 

Equatorial Climate (wet and hot areas of Uganda)

  • It is referred to as hot and wet .throughout the year

Activities carried out in area with equatorial climate.

(i)         Farming

(ii)        Tourism

(iii)       Lumbering

(iv)       Mining

Crops grown in areas of Uganda which experience Equatorial  climate

  • Oil palm, coffee ,tea, cocoa ,bananas,rubber ,sugarcane

Characteristic of Equatorial climate

  1. It receives high humidity.
  2. It is hot throughout the year
  3. It receives high rainfall.
  4. It is experienced between 5 degrees North and 5 degrees South of the Equator


Why is equatorial climate described as hot and wet.

  • -It receives high temperature and heavy rainfall.
  • -Equatorial climate receives an average rainfall of 1500m – 2000m
  • It experiences a temperature range of 250c and above

Semi desert climate (dry areas of Uganda)

  • It receives little rainfall
  • It is hot and dry most of the year.

Semi desert (ARID) climate is experienced in the following districts of Uganda;

  1. Moroto ,Abim,Napak,
  2. Kotido
  3. Nakapiripirit
  4. Kaabong

State the economic activities carried out in north eastern  Uganda.

  • Nomadic pastoralism
  • Tourism
  • Mining
  • Nomadic pastoralism  is the movement of people with their animals from one place to another looking for pasture and water .

People in Uganda who practice nomadic pastoralism include;

  • Karamojong
  • Jie
  • Pokot

Why do the Karamojong move from one place to another ?

  • To look for pasture and water for the animals.

Problems faced  by the Karamojongs in their activity .

  1. Cattle diseases
  2. Long drought season
  3. Shortage of pasture and water
  4. Cattle rustling


Suggest one way in which government can encourage the Karamojong to live settled life.

  • By building valley dams
  • Educating the Karamojong to keep a manageable number of cattle
  • Encourage the Karamojong practice mixed farming
  • Improving on pasture

Why is North Eastern Uganda sparsely populated

It is a semi arid area with no rainfall most of the year which doesn’t support crop growing.

How has the government tried to solve the problem of water in the drier parts of Uganda?

  1. By building valley dams
  2. By drilling boreholes
  3. By using tanks to harvest water

Mountain climate


  • This is received in highland areas of Uganda
  • Temperatures are low and rainfall is high as one goes higher on the mountain

ASSIGNMENT : THE CLIMATE OF UGANDA P.5 assignment MARKS : 10  DURATION : 1 week, 3 days

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