THE GOVERNMENT OF UGANDA

This Unit is about the government of Uganda and the legislature powers in the country.

THE GOVERNMENT OF UGANDA

Uganda becomes a Republic

A Republic

It is a country that is governed by a president and other elected people and not by a Queens or Kings.

The misunderstanding between Dr. Apollo Milton Obote and Sir Edward Muteesa.

In 1966, Obote sent an army to attack Kabaka’s palace (Lubiri and Kabaka MutesaII fled to exile) to Britain where he died in 1969.

In 1967, he abolished kingdoms.

Ugandans was declared a republic by Dr. A.M. Obote.

Obote became the Executive president in Uganda.

Other presidents include:

i) Iddi Amin Dada 1971-79.

Professor Yusuf Lule 11th April 1979 21st June 1979.

ii) He was the first chairman of NRM.

iii)He was the first vice chancellor of Makerere University.

iv) He was the leader of UNLF (Uganda National Liberation Front).

Godfrey Lukongwa Binaisa 21st June – 12th May 1980.

Chairman of the Military Council Paulo Muwanga.

Dr. Apollo Milton Obote 1980-1985.

Tito Okello Lutwa 1985 26th January 1986.

YK Museveni 1986 to date.

What is a government?

This is a group of people given the executive powers to rule the country.

A good government is important.

  • It promotes peace and unity.
  • It promotes development.

In Uganda we have:

Central Government

Local Government

The Central Government is in charge of National affairs.

The Local Government is in charge of District affairs.

The Central Government checks     over the activities of Local Government.

Local Government is under the Ministry of Local Government.

Organs of Democratic Government

  1. Legislature/Parliament.
  2. Executive
  3. Judiciary

The Legislature

It is made of:

  1. The speaker of Parliament.
  2. The Deputy speaker of Parliament.
  3. Member of Parliament.
  4. Sergeant of Arms/The clerk to Parliament.

The Speaker of Parliament

He or She chairs the Parliament building.

The Deputy Speaker of Parliament

She or He chairs Parliamentary meeting in absence of the speakers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Members of Parliament

Members of Parliament represents constituencies.

How useful are members of parliament to the people they represent.

A Constituency

Is an area represented by a member of Parliament.

Members of Parliament which represent special category of people such as:

  1. The Army.
  2. The Workers.
  3. The Women.
  4. The Women.
  5. The persons with disabilities.

There are ministers without constituencies in the parliament called ex-officio persons.

Ex-officio persons are included in the Parliament because of their positions but they do not have voting rights in parliament.

Sergeant of Arms

Express order in the house and also carries the mace.

When the speaker of Parliament enters the Parliament.

A Mace

Is a stick carried as a symbol of power

The mace represents the power of:

i) The Speaker

ii) The Judges

iii) The Deputy Speaker

iv) The Magistrate.

The Clerk to Parliament

He records the minutes in Parliament.

How does one become a member of Parliament in Uganda?

Through elections.

Special groups of people are elected under electoral college

Qualifications of the Members of Parliament

i) Should be citizen of Uganda.

ii) Should be a registered voter.

iii)Should have a minimum level of Education of Senior.

iv) Should have A’ level certificate.

v) Should be 18 years and above.

Functions of Legislature

  1. To make laws.
  2. To approve National budget.
  3. To approve persons appointed by the president eg Vice President, Prime Minister, Ministers and Chief Justice.
  4. To check the powers of the executive.
  5. To supervise government departments.
  6. To check on how the government spends public money.

The current speaker of parliament of parliament is Hon Rebecca Kadaga and the deputy is Jacob Olanya

Legco was a law making body during colonialism

How was the work of Legco similar to Legislature?

Both make laws

National Elections

This is a process of choosing a leader/political leader.

Which body in Uganda organizes national elections?

Electoral Commission.

Who is the current chairman of the Electoral Commission?

Justice Simon Mugenyi Byabakama.

Duties of the Electoral Commission

  1. To register voters.
  2. To provide Civic Education.
  3. To supply ballot paper.
  4. To demarcate electoral area.
  5. To declare electoral results.
  6. To count votes.

Under what ministry is the electoral commission

Ministry of Justice and Constitutional affairs.

What is by election?

Is election held to fill a vacant post that has fallen vacant before the term of office expires.

Conditions that can lead to by election

  1. When a vote of no confidence is passed for a member.
  2. When electoral results have been nullified/cancelled.
  3. Death of a member of Parliament.
  4. When a member of Parliament resigns

Give the meaning of:

Poling station Is the place where voters go to cast their vote.

Ballot paper Is a special place used by voters to cast their votes.

Presiding Officer Heads all the election activities at a polling station.

Ballot box This is a special box in which voters cast their votes.

Polling Assistant This is the person who helps the presiding officer at polling station.  

Examples of electoral leaders in Uganda.

The President.

The MP’s.

Local Council Executive.

District Chairman.

How is the elections of youth members different form MPs

A youth member is elected through electoral colleges while an MP is elected by adults in a constituency.

How are National law made?

What is a bill

Is a proposed law.

A bill is discussed and passed by parliament

After the bill is passed by National Assembly/Parliament and is signed by the president.

An Act is a law discussed and passed by parliament.

It becomes an Act

Electoral College

This is a group of people chosen to represent others during elections.

i) MPs elected through electoral college.

ii) Army representatives.

iii)Youth representatives

iv) Worker representatives.

v) Disabled persons representatives.

During Amins regime Uganda was ruled by Decree.

JUDICIARY

It is made of the:

  1. Lawyers
  2. Magistrates
  3. Judges

The highest court is the supreme court headed by Chief Justice.

The Chief Justice heads the Judiciary.

Functions of the Judiciary

  1. To interpret the law.
  2. To punish law breakers.
  3. Settles desputes and conflicts in courts of law.
  4. Protects the rights of citizes.

Courts of judiciary in Uganda

Local council courts

Magistrates courts

High court

Court of appeal

Supreme court which is the highest.

Executive

The executive is headed by the President.

It consists of:

i) The president

ii) The Civil Servants

iii)The Cabinet

The head of all civil servants is Ministry of Public Service.

The Public Service Commissioner recruits Civil Servants in a country.

The permanent secretary is the highest civil servant in any ministry.

He or she is the chief accounting officer.

Executive

The Civil service is made up of government ministries and departments.

Civil servants are workers employed in different government ministries.

The principle is the Prime Minister.

He is the leader of government business.

THE PRESIDENT

  1. He heads the Executive.
  2. He is the commander in chief of Armed forces.
  3. He is also the chairman of the council of Ministers/Cabinet.
  4. He appoints a minister and vice president.
  5. He governs/heads/rules the state.
  6. Represents the country in international affairs.
  7. He pardons people on death sentence.

 

Functions of the Executive

i) Implement laws.

ii) Collects and spends revenue.

iii)Protects people and their property.

iv) Implement government policies.

v) To maintain law and order.

Duties of the government

  1. To uphold constitution.
  2. To protect citizens and their property.
  3. To ensure peace and security.
  4. To promote social services.
  5. To pay civil servants.

The National Constitution

A Constitution is a set of laws by which a country is governed.

A supreme law used to govern a country.

Constitutions in Uganda

The 1962 Constitution (Independence)

The 1966 constitution(pigeon hole constitution)

The 1967 Constitution (Republican constitution)

1967 Constitution

  1. It was written by Geoffrey Lukongwa Binaisa and Koffi(Ghananian)
  2. It gave the President Executive Powers to rule the country.
  3. It abolished kingdoms and chiefdoms
  4. Uganda was declared a Republiiv) The 1995 Constitution.

The 1995 Constitution

The constitution commission was set up  to get views of Ugandans.

It was led by Benjamin Odoki.

The people’s views were used to draft the constitution.

The Constituent Assembly

Mr Stephen Akabway was the chair person of the interim electoral commission that organized the election of the CADs

Delegates (CADs) who were elected in 1994 discussed the 1995 constitution.

JAMES WAPAKHABULO

Chairperson of Constituent Assembly (His Deputy was Professor Victoria Mwaka)

The 1995 Constitution was promulgated (Launched/Passed) on 8th October 1995 at the Constitutional Square formerly City Square.

The 1967 Constitution

  1. It was written by Geoffrey Lukongwa Binaisa and Koffi(Ghananian)
  2. It gave the President Executive Powers to rule the country.
  3. It abolished kingdoms and chiefdoms
  4. Uganda was declared a Republic

Give the importance of National Constitution

i) It helps to rule the country.

ii) Helps to govern the country.

iii)Protects people’s rights.

iv) Enables peaceful change of leaders.

v) It promotes democracy.

ASSIGNMENT : THE GOVERNMENT OF UGANDA P.5 assignment MARKS : 10  DURATION : 1 week, 3 days

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