THE PEOPLE OF PRE-COLONIAL UGANDA .

This Unit is about the people of Pre- Colonial Uganda.

 THE PEOPLE OF PRE  COLONIAL  UGANDA .

Inhabitants of Uganda before the coming of different ethnic groups were the bushmen.

What is an ethnic group?

An ethnic group is a group of people with different tribes but sharing the same origin and speak related languages.

A tribe is a group of people having the same ancestors and fore fathers.

CULTURE / BELIEFS / CUSTOMS

This is the acceptable way of life among a particular group of people in a society.

The earliest people to live Uganda were the Bushmen.

Major ethnic groups in Uganda

  • Bantu
  • Nilotics
  • Nilo-hamites
  • The Sudanese
  • Hamites

The Bantu

Who were the Bantu?

  1. Bantu were the first group of people to come to Uganda.
  2. Bantu are said to have migrated from Cameroon highlands.
  3. Bantu speak related languages with a common syllable (dialect) “Ntu”
The Bantu people

What was the occupation of the Bantu?

The Bantu carried out farming or agriculture.

The Bantu entered Uganda from the Western direction.

Bantu settled in the interlacustrine region.

What is an interlacustrine region?

It is the land between the great lakes of Uganda, East Africa, Africa.

They are; lake Victoria, Albert, Tanganyika, George, Edward, Malawi.kyoga

Give  reasons why the Bantu settled in the interlacustrine region.

  1. Presence of fertile soils for farming
  2. Favourable climate
  3. They receive reliable rainfall for agriculture

In which way did fertile soils influence Bantu to settle in Uganda

The fertile soils encouraged them to carry out agriculture

Name tribes which belong to Bantu

  • Baganda
  • Banyankole
  • Basoga
  • Batoro
  • Bakiga
  • Bagwere
  • Banyoro
  • Bagisu
  • Bafumbira
  • Basamia
  • Batwa
  • Baruli
  • Banyala
  • Bakonjo
  • Bamba
  • Banyole

A map showing the expansion of the Bantu people

Reasons why the Bantu migrated from their homeland

  1. They were running away from civil wars
  2. They were over populated
  3. Love for adventure
  4. They were looking for pasture and water for animals.
  5.  Outbreak of famine
  6. Long drought seasons
  7. Out break of epidemic diseases

Suggest problems faced by ethnic groups in their movement and settlement

  1. Attacks from wild animals
  2. Harsh climate
  3. Wars on the way
  4. Shortage of food
  5. Presence of think forests
  6. Out break of epidemic diseases
  7. Presence of mountains and rivers
  8. Rough terrain

THIS VIDEO SHOWS BANTU MIGRATION AND SETTLEMENT

How were thick forests, mountains and rivers affect the ethnic groups during movement

It was difficult to cross the rivers and mountains.

The river lake Nilotes/Nilotics

They were said to have migrated from Bahr-el Ghazel region in Southern Sudan

The Nilotes are divided into three main groups

River Nile Nilotes

Plain Nilotes

Highland Nilotes

The River Lake Nilotes in Uganda include

  • Acholi
  • Japadhola
  • Alur
  • They introduced new culture.
  • The population increased.iv) Jonam

Movement of River lake Nilotes into Uganda

They entered Uganda from the Northern direction following River Nile

They first settled at Pubungu present day Pakwach 

The Nilotes were cattle keepers (Pastoralists)

State  reasons why river lake Nilotes migrated

  1. They were looking for pasture and water
  2. Love for adventure
  3. They were overpopulation
  4. There were running away from civil wars
  5. Out break of famine
  6. Outbreak of epidemic diseases
  7. Long drought seasons

Suggest  results of river lake Nilotes migration

They introduced new language called Luo

They introduced new culture for example names e.g. Akiiki, Abwoli, Adyer, Apuli, Amooti, Arali and Ateenyi (They are known as Empako)pet names

  1. The population increased
  2. They introduced short horned cattle
  3. They led to formation of Luo Babito dynasty.

Why did the Nilotes change from cattle keeping to mixed farming

  1. Presence of fertile soils for farming
  2. Favourable rainfall for farming
  3. They settled in areas with reliable rainfall for agriculture

THE PLAIN NILOTES

They originated from North West of L. Turkana.

They entered Uganda from North East direction

Examples of Nilo Hamites

They originated from north west of Lake Turkana,

They entered Uganda from north east direction.

Examples of Nilo Hamites

Kuman.

Pokot

What was the major occupation of plain Nilotes

They were cattle keepers.

HIGHLAND NILOTES

They entered Uganda from north east.

They settled around foot hills of Mt. Elgon in the present day Kapchorwa.

The highland Nilotes in Uganda include Sabiny.

Highlands and Nilotes were cattle keepers .and crop farmers.

Reasons why  the highland Nilotes settled on the slopes of Mt Elgon

Presence of fertile volcanic soil.

Reliable rainfall for agriculture.

Crops grown by the sabiny

  • Wheat
  • Finger
  • Millet
  • Maize
  • Beans
  • Irish potatoes.

Today wheat is the major crop grown in Kapchorwa.

State  reasons for the success of wheat growing in Kapchorwa

  1. Presence of fertile soils.
  2. Favourable climate.
  3. Reliable rainfall for agriculture.

Suggest  reasons why the Nilotes migrated.

i) Love for adventure.

ii) Out break for famine.

iii)Long drought seasons.

iv) Looking for water and pasture.

v) They were over populated.

Results of Plain Nilotes

They introduced new breeds of cattle.

They introduced cattle rustling which created insecurity in the neighbouring districts.

THE SUDANIC PEOPLE

They are found in West Nile.

They are crop cultivators and fishermen.

Their origin started in Juba

Sudan tribe in Uganda

  1. Lugbara.
  2. Madi
  3. Okebo.
  4. Kakwa

Reasons why the Sudan migrated

Running away from civil wars.

Outbreak of famine.

THE HAMITES

They entered Uganda from south west.

They include:

Batutsi.

 LEGENDS, MYTH AND EVENTS.

These are stories which tell people about the past.

Why legends are important to us

  1. i) We learn the different origins of other communities.
  2. ii) We learn ways early people lived.

Iii        We learn the origin of people and places.

Iv Helps to identify some of the ancestors of different communities.

V  it makes our traditional values richer.

  1. vi) It promotes morals.

Types of values

Personal values,family values,community values, God fearing,cleanliness,law abiding,helpfulness.

Myth is a story that is told to explain about the mysteries of the world.

Such stories tell how the earth and life began,the origin of death,day and night,rain,drought

Factors that influence the settlement patterns of ethnic groups.

Land,vegetation,climate,water,

Influence of occupation

i) Fishermen settled near lakes.

ii) Traders settled in trading areas.

iii)Crop farmers settled in areas with reliable rainfall fertile soil.

Iv) Pastoralists settled in areas with enough grassland.

V) Forested areas were avoided due dangerous animals and pests

Occupation of ethnic groups

Bantu farming.

Nilotes: Pastoralists.

Attachments7

  • Bantu
  • The Nilotes people
  • Nilo Hamites
  • The Hamitic

ASSIGNMENT : THE PEOPLE OF PRE COLONIAL UGANDA assignment MARKS : 10  DURATION : 5 days

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