CHAPTER 11:1-11, THE TRIUMPHANT OR VICTORIOUS ENTRY IN JERUSALEM.
There are a number of points of significance.
(a). The incidence shows that this is the first time Jesus goes to Jerusalem but it’s likely that he had been there several times as we see in the gospel of John.
(b). the incidence marks the last stage of the journey.
(c). Jesus might have had made prior arrangements with a friend to get him a colt of the donkey. So when Jesus sends his disciples the other man is a ware.
(d). Most important here is that this action was a deliberate dramatic claim to be messiah.
(e). Messiah he is but one who comes in peace riding on a donkey not a horse.
(f). this riding a donkey might have conventionally disappointed some people. They would have liked to see him ride on a horse as a victorious militant political messiah.
(g). the crowd was a mixed one not only his followers were invited so the Jews had become popular.
(h). their putting of garments and branches on the path plus their acclaim of “Hosanna blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord” was a clear recognition of Jesus as the coming messiah. Their idea was different from that of Jesus.
(i). the incidence is a fulfillment of scripture for example Zachariah 9:9 and palms 118:26.
(j). Hosanna literally means save us now. It was not a cry of praise to Jesus. It was a cry to God and break in and save his people now that the messiah had come.
(k). the action reflects Jesus’ courage to clear up the idea of the messiah.
(l). the incident demonstrated the fame Jesus was enjoying in spite of the hatred by the religious leaders.
(m). this was an element of open messiah ship.
(n). the incidence also shows that Jesus was a king because there was reference to David.
VERSE 12-14 A FIG TREE IS CURSED.
To curse cannot be reconciled with the nature and humanity of Jesus. Many scholars therefore suggest that it’s better to look at it as a parable.
A parable against the Jews mainly Pharisees who have been unproductive.
If a real miracle then its shows Jesus’ divine power. And humanity for he felt hungry and later angry. The event here is a judgment against the Jews as a nation. Jesus wanted to teach the disciples about faith. That is to say, they should have strong faith that can even move mountains.
He also wanted to teach them prayers.
He wanted to tell them that they will be able to pray through his name and they will be able to get what they ask for.
It shows that Jesus is the messiah.
This is an example of a nature miracle.
It’s reminiscent of Moses and Elijah’s nature miracles.
There is a reference to the Lord’s Prayer when Jesus talks about forgiving others.
He portrays Peter as the leader.
Jesus is portrayed as the son of God since he reformed to God as his father.
THE CLEANSING OR PURGING THE TEMPLE VERSE 15-19
- The purging was a messianic sign fulfilling Malachi 3:1-4, Isaiah 56:7 and Jeremiah 7
- It shows Jesus a human being because he is out raged and angry. He had emotions.
- It shows his divine nature, because the kind of authority and power used was unusual.
- There was cheating in exchange currencies to the Jewish currency. Some pilgrims were cheated and over charged as they tried to buy animals for sacrifice. There was no quiet and peace for prayer in the gentile court. This court was also being used as a short cut through Jerusalem. So the temple officials involved were in a way of collection of thieves and robbers.
- This incident marked the climax of hostility towards Jesus by the chief priests. It’s after this that they decided to kill Jesus.
- It was a contribution of Jesus’ effort to show the discipline, who he is though they still had misconception over his messiah ship. The incidence here reflects of the religious leaders.
- It pointed to Jesus’ death.
- It shows Jesus as universal messiah because he said my father’s house is a house of prayer for all nations.
THE LESSON FROM THE FIG TREE VERSE 20-23.
Here Jesus teaches about faith which bears fruits. The tone about forgiving others is reminiscent of the Lord’s Prayer.
VERSE 27-33 JESUS’ AUTHORITY.
This is another controversy between Jesus and the Pharisees. The religious leaders are caught up in trap. So they answered “we don’t know” implying Jesus was saying his authority comes from God just as the Baptist had authority from God.