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Vegetables are crops whose edible parts contains more than 80% water.
Importance of vegetable
However, vegetables are not as widely grown in Uganda as cereals and root crops this may be due to the following, (limitations of growing vegetables)
SOME LOCAL / NATIVE VEGETABLES
SOME EXOTIC VEGETABLES
TOOLS USED IN VEGETABLE GROWING
There are many tools used in vegetable growing.
Importance of these garden tools
Factors that will determine the farmer’s choice of the tools and equipment to use.
Advantages of giving garden tools and equipment proper maintenance:
Hand hoe / jembe
Forked hoed jembe
Garden fork / hand fork
Spade and shove
Used for making holes into which seedlings can be transplanted.
Clean it after work and keep it dry.
Transporting small loads on the farm.
Keep the wheel axle oiled.
Do not load anything on it while in store
Feeling tree needed for building purposes.
Cutting grass to that farm houses or even fodder for livestock.
Used for slashing short grass on lawns and light vegetation in the field.
Keep them sharp and protect the handle from damages.
Broken handles should be replaced.
Pruning purposes, for instance coffee citrus trees and tea.
Cutting hard old stems and branches and shrves with big stems.
GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF VEGETABLE PRODUCTION
Importance of timely planting.
Factors to consider before spacing crops:
When you plant too deep small seeds may never push through the ground or the soil and this result in a low germination percentage. This is because there food reserves may get exhausted before the rich the ground however, big seeds should be planted deep enough because they need to draw in a lot of water before they can germinate.
The plant gets deeply or properly anchored into the soil.
It is recommended for small seeds to obtain a high germination percentage. However, it may lead the seed being uncovered, washed away by rain water or the seeds may be up rooted and eaten by birds or rodents.
Watering should be done with a watering can of appropriate use size small seedlings need a fine rose so that they are not destroyed. Frequent watering should not be done as this encourages the roots only to remain in the top few centimeters of soil.
Heavy watering should be done once in 3 days so that roots are encouraged to grow down wards. It should be done in the evening so that the plant can take in water during the nigh before it is lost due evaporation.
There are two ways in which planting can be done i.e. broad casting and planting in rows.
Random placements seeds without following any pattern. It is commonly used where vegetables have very small seeds especially dodo.
Importance of drying
Other methods of treating harvested crops
Advantages already discussed.
Importance of weeding.
Where vegetables are grown on s small scale, chemical weed control is not recommended because it will be too expensive for the farmer and it needs skilled labour.
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