GEO2/5: WHEAT GROWING IN THE CANADIAN PRAIRIES

prairies

FACTORS FAVOURING THE GROWTH OF WHEAT

-Moderate rain fall between 386mm-510mm a year which is quite ideal for wheat growing.

-The areas have deep natural rich grassland soils (black chernozem soils) which contain a lot of humus for wheat growth.

-Although the area has short growing periods, it has worm temperatures of 160c and dry sunny weather which is suitable from wheat ripening and harvesting.

-There was cheap and abundant land as a result of the sparse population and this facilitated the large scale farming and even some land can be left under fallow.

-The areas have gently sloping land and this ensures good drainage and facilities easy use of machines on the farms.

-Market is available especially from industrial countries like Japan and western parts of Europe.

-There is a good and efficient top network system within the city and on the cost. They mostly use the railways which is a cheap and efficient and export it through the ports of Vancouver price Rupert and Church Hill

-Availability of capital; the farmers have the availability to purchase the farming implements for other machines which are necessary for the effective management of these large farms.

-There is skilled labour; these mostly operate with machines and handle the management skills. During harvesting, they employ manual workers

-The area is well drained and if the rainfall is not sufficient, they can irrigate thee crop. This (insufficient rainfall) occurs in the western Part of Alberta.


PROBLEMS

-Pests and diseases for example grasshoppers

-Some tines there is drought due to the shortage of rainfall

-Late or early forest which destroys the wheat

-Price fluctuations on the market

-Dust storms and some tines hurricanes that destroy a lot of wheat

-There is over production of wheat resulting into price fluctuation

-Soil exhaustion due to monoculture

-Competition with other wheat producing countries such as China and Japan

-Manual labour is not easily available during busy periods like harvesting

-High costs of production due to expensive machines

 

SOLUTIONS

Some of the problems are natural and therefore have no easy solutions but other problems can be solved by:-

– Spraying to control pests and diseases and introduction of disease resistant wheat varieties.

– Introduction of detectors for hurricanes and dust storms and if the crop is ready, it is harvested

– Over production has been controlled by construction of buffer stocks to store excess wheat

– Mixed cropping is also encouraged. It can be controlled by following the lands

– Farmers are encouraged to grow other crops which have high market like soya beans, sun flower, sugar boots and vegetables.

– Labour shortage has been controlled by use of machines and importation of labour from Mexico (South America)

– Soil exhaustion has been solved by following method land and application of fertilizers.

– Economic diversification has been encouraged that is to say; instruction to control problems of price fluctuation.

– Drought can be overcome through irrigation

canadanian prairies

 

Attachments2

ASSIGNMENT : WHEAT GROWING IN THE CANADIAN PRAIRIES assignment MARKS : 10  DURATION : 1 week, 3 days

SEE ALLAdd a note
YOU
Add your Comment
 

DOWNLOAD YAAKA DN APP









X