SAHIS4: WHO WERE THE UITILANDERS

This unit is about the Uitlanders and their stay at the cape.

 

WHO WERE THE UITLANDERS

  • They were European visitors to South Africa who mainly targeted Transvaal.
  • The word Uitlanders means foreigners
  • They came for minerals although some were money lenders
  • Others were investors in the mineral wealth of Transvaal
  • They included Australians, Newsland, Russians, Jews, Americans but the majorities were British citizens.
  • They were allies of Cecil Rhodes and strongly hated Paul Kruger
  • Hey were tortured and denied civil rights
  • They were responsible for the Anglo Boer wars
  • They were so disorganized and lacked a clear leader leading to their exploitation.
Related image
1899 political cartoon by J. M. Staniforth depicting Transvaal President Paul Kruger attempting to appease uitlanders by reducing the residency requirement

WHY THE UITLANDERS CONFLICTED

  • There closeness to Cecil Rhodes
  • Because they were foreigners in Transvaal
  • They were being mistreated by Paul Kruger i.e.;
  • Denied them civil rights
  • There voting rights were limited
  • No speaking English in public
  • Heavily taxed
  • Denied better financial contracts
  • They were abused
  • They were denied citizenship
  • They were tried by special courts
  • They were not to study from Transvaal schools
  • They wanted to steal the minerals from the Boers
  • They were not friendly
  • They never wanted Boers independence

 

 

EFFECTS OF THEIR CONFLICTS

  • Led to 3 Anglo Boer wars i.e. First Anglo Boer war of 1880-1881, the Jameson’s raid 1895, second Anglo Boer war 1899-1902.
  • Paul Kruger’s power was undermined (he even lost his power).
  • It disrupted the economic exploitation in Transvaal.
  • Uitilanders were treated more harshly
  • More Anglo Boer hatred
  • Loss of lives
  • Rise of nationalism and unity
  • British were humiliated
  • Destruction of property
  • Rise of Paul Kruger
  • Rise of British imperialism
  • Cecil Rhodes lost his power

ASSIGNMENT : WHO WERE THE UITILANDERS assignment MARKS : 10  DURATION : 1 week, 3 days

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