ABBREVIATIONS AND CONTRACTIONS p5

this unit explains how some words are abbreviated and how contractions are made

An abbreviation is a short form of a word.  Full stops are used in abbreviations.

Here are some of these abbreviations

Ag.  – acting                                                          Mt.  mountain

am –  before noon ( ante meridian)                  O.K   –  all  correct

Ave.  –  Avenue                                               P.S.V   – public service vehicle Co.  –  company                                              Rev.  –     Reverend

C.O.D – cash on delivery                                Sec   –    secretary

Dr.  –  Doctor                                                      Vs.   – Versus

i.o.u –  I owe you                                                  Yr.  Year

Ltd   – Limited                                               PAYE  –  Pay  as you earn

Ms.   –  Miz                                                  Capt  –   Captain

P.P   – On behalf   of                                          P.T.O  –  Please Turn Over

P.m.  –  afternoon  ( Post meridiem)                   C.A.O  –  Chief Administrative officer

P.O – Post office                                                      L.C  –  Local council

R.I.P  –  Rest in peace            NARO  –  National Agricultural ResearchOrganization

R.S.V.P – reply if you can please ( Please reply)

Rd. –   road                                                                      St.  Saint

U.P.E – Universal Primary Examination               W.e.f   – with effect from

URA  –  Uganda Revenues Authority                      Viz   –  namely

Ref.  Reference                                                                Via –   by way of

abbr –  abbreviation                                                 Cf.   – compare

a/c  –   account                                                        do  –  the same

assn  –  association                                           dept  –  department

asst  –   assistant                                               e.g.      –    except grata ( for example)

C/o   – care of                                                Gov’t    –  Government

i.e.    –  that is  ( id est.)                                    Jr.  Junior

THIS VIDEO SHOWS THE USE OF ABBREVIATIONS AND CONTRACTIONS

CONTRACTION 

 These are also short forms of a word.  A word is shortened using an apostrophe 

Is not    –   isn’t                It is  –  it’s                        I would    –  I’d

Cannot   –   can’t                never –  ne’ er                 ought  not   –   ought’t

Will not – won’t                   he is  –  he’s                 Do not  –  don’t

Has not  –  hasn’t               he will not  –  he won’t       should not  –  shouldn’t

Have not  –  haven’t           I am  –  I’m                            over  –  o’ er

Shall not  –  shan’t              I have   – I’ve                        of the clock  –  o’clock

Must not  –  mustn’t           I will  – I ‘ll                             wherever   –  where’re

That is  – that’s                  they will  – they’ll                   you will  – you ‘ll

There is – there’s               we have  – we’ve                   you are  – you’re

Let us  –  let’s                     All is  – all’s

EVALUATION

Abbreviate the following words.

Thursday     ………………………………            Road  –        …………………..

August         ………………………..                   By way of  – ………………………….

Mistress   ……………………………….               That is …………………………..

Limited        ……………………………….

Gentlemen   ……………………………..

afternoon     ……………………………

Please Turn over  ……………………….

Write in full

U.N.E.B        …………………………..                          R.S.V.P  –     …………………………..

M.P  –           ……………………….                               Capt  –         ………………….

I’m    –         ………………………….                           B.C     –        ………………………….

U.P.E  –        ………………………….                           There’s –      …………………………..

Complete each sentence by using the correct word chosen from the brackets

  1. A dog wags ………………………..tall when  …………………….pleased.  ( its , It’s)
  2. The teacher asked …………………….fountain pen it was.  ( who’s  , whose  )
  3. I ……………………………….got your cricket ball.  ( haven’t,  ain’t  )
  4. Tony thinks  …………………………. a lovely little puppy.  (its,  it’s  )
  5. That’s the boy …………………………father was injured.  ( who’s  ,  whose)
  6. I hope you  ……………………………….wet.  ( ain’t  , aren’t )
  7. We want to know …………………………to pay for the outing.  ( who’s  ,  whose )
  8. Robert ………………………….like swimming.  ( doesn’t  , don’t)
  9. …………………………… to say ………………….fault it is?  ( who’s  whose )
  10. They …………………. come to our house very often now.  ( doesn’t  ,  don’t )

 

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