Nouns are naming words. Nouns name places, people and things.
Classification of nouns
These are nouns that only exist in thought or idea but do not have a physical or practical existence, i.e. they can neither be touched nor seen.
Joy, hatred, freedom, sadness, pride, peace, bravery, shyness, happiness, etc.
Formation of abstract nouns.
They are formed from adjectives, verbs, or other nouns. They are formed in different ways.
A VIDEO ABOUT ABSTRACT NOUNS
Abstract nouns formed from adjectives.
- Those ending with –ness
Form abstract nouns by adding –ness
- Abstract nouns that change the final “t” or “te” to “ce” or “cy”
Form abstract nouns from nouns by adding “cy”
Abstract nouns that have irregular formation i.e. they are formed differently.
Form abstract nouns from these adjectives.
Abstract nouns formed from verbs.
- a) Abstract nouns ending in -tion.
Form abstract nouns from these verbs by adding –tion
- b) Abstract nouns ending in –sion
Verbs abstract nouns
Form abstract nouns from these verbs by adding –sion
- c) Abstract nouns formed by adding –ment to the verb.
Form abstract nouns by adding –ment to the given verbs.
- d) Abstract nouns that add –ance or –ence
- e) Abstract nouns formed in an irregular way.
- f) Abstract nouns formed from nouns.
APPLICATION OF ABSTRACT NOUNS IN SENTENCES.
This morning, our teacher got no satisfaction with our cleaning. (Satisfy)
Use the correct form of the words given in brackets to complete the sentences.
- I shall take the given to me by my mother. (advise)
- My aunt made a in her business yesterday. (lose)
- She was very dirty because of her . (poor)
- Because of her , she was elected prefect. (clean)
- The the teacher gave was satisfactory. (explain)
- Their took place at St. Peter’s church. (marry)
- The teacher has shown a lot of towards us today. (Lenient)
- The room echoed with the of the women. (Laugh)
- The answer Nanziri gave was just a of mine. (Repeat)
- The children’s at the concert was excellent. (Behave)
- That pupil was given a front because of his stubbornness. (Sit)
- We are looking for as we put security. (Safe)
- After the of the game, all players got refreshment. (Complete)
These are nouns in groups from which describe a group or collection of people, animals and things or objects. They can be categorized as follows.
- Collective nouns for people
Description collective noun
A group of worshippers congregation
A group of thieves/ labourers gang
A group of singers choir
A group of soldiers army/troops
A group of bishops/ judges bench
A group of musicians band
A group of dancers/ artists troupe
A group of servants/ teachers staff
A group of actors company
A group of rioters/ demonstrators mob
A group of governors/ directors board
A group of beautiful women bevy
People watching a game/ match spectators
People attending a debate/ concert audience
People at a funeral mourners /cortege
People working in a plane crew
A collection of angles host
A group of friends party
A group of pilgrims band
A group of players team
A group of learners/ pupils class
A group of people gathered for a common purpose assembly
A group of jurymen on a case jury/panel
A group of prisoners gang
A group of people lining up queue
A gang/ coffle of slaves
A field of athletes
- Collective nouns for animals
A flock of sheep
A herd of animals
A swarm of bees
A team of oxen/ horses
A litter of kittens/ pupils/ rabbits
A pride/ troop of lions
A troop of monkeys
A clowder of cats
A plague of locusts
A nest of rabbits
A muster of peacocks
A gaggle of geese
A leap of leopards
A pack of wolves
A catch/ haul of fish (in a net)
A school of whales
A flock/ flight of birds/ a covey of birds
A herd of elephants/ buffaloes/ pigs
A collection of fowls/poultry
A brood of chicks
A shoal of fish
A swarm of insects / a plague of insects
A pack of asses
A collection of wild animals –zoo
A kindle of kittens
A collection of pictures
A clutch of eggs
- Collective nouns for things/ objectives
A bundle of sticks/ faggots
A constellation/ cluster of stars
A fight/ squadron of aero planes
A library of books
A bouquet of flowers
A chest of drawers
A bunting of flags
A clutch of eggs
A set of furniture / rooms –suite
An anthology of poems
A forest of trees
A fleet of cars / ships/shops in a line
A collection of scholastic materials- stationery
Cups, plates, bowels, dishes- crockery
Forks, spoons, knives, etc.- cutlery
A collection of rays- pencils
A set of tools
A cluster of grapes/ nuts
A string / rope of pearls
A heap/ pile of stones
A flight of steps
A sheaf of arrows
A batch of bread
A packet of agarretes
A tuft of grass
A group of islands
A collection of stamps/ pictures
- A) Fill in the gaps with the correct collective noun
- The baker burnt the first of loaves.
- The author has a large of books of all kinds.
- A steep of steps led to the studio.
- Jennifer presented the Queen with a of flowers.
- There is a new of furniture in the lounge.
6 The police has arrested a of thieves.
- Will you be able to meet the of musicians from town.
- He attended a meeting of the of directors.
- The tourists were chased by a of wolves.
- Besides a of sheep, we keep a of cattle.
- B) Use of collective nouns in sentences
A collective noun names a single collection of persons, animals or things considered together as one whole. Therefore collective nouns take singular verbs.
- The staff of Global Junior School is big.
- The public says that nobody cares about them
When the verb is in the plural form, it suggests that there is more than one collection.
- There are many tribes all over the country.
- The police have arrested the murderer (We mean individuals police officers)
If we mean the police as a department then the verb must be singular.
The police is in control (to be)
Exercise: Complete the sentences with suitable verbs formed from those in brackets.
Complete the sentences with suitable verbs formed from those in brackets.
- Our team always done well. (having)
- The family gone for their holiday (having)
- Here the flamingos. (coming)
- The whole family concerned about it (being)
- A herd of cattle passing over there. (be)
- The orphans advised to work hard (to be)
- Do not ask what the government done for, but ask what you have done for it (have).
- That school one of the best ones at football in the country.
- The police trying to control the defence of the country for some time (be)
- The Afrigo band done well recently (have)
- The Afrigo band (is, are) well behaved members who (show, shows) respect to (its, their) audience.
Parents and young ones.
|Male parent||Female parent||Young one|
To be continued.
Complete the sentences with the young ones of the given creatures.
- The cat carried the gently by its neck.
- Nine lively were ranged by round the sleeping sow.
- When the sheep buated, the ran to her at once.
- The mother bear will defend her with her life.
- The goose hissed when Jill tried to pick up one of her .
- The teacher said that the would soon grow into frogs.
- The little could not keep up with the nanny-goat.
- The duck was swimming down the river followed by several of her .
- There were four young in the eagles nest.
- The which was with the deer was three months old.
Sounds made by creatures
Sounds made by objects
Complete each sentence with a correct sound.
- The children were awakened by the of the mice behind the cupboard.
- Several monkeys were excited as they swung from tree to tree.
- The snake and made a lunge at the man’s feet.
- The villagers could hear the of a large pack of wolves in the nearby forest.
- The little pig as the farmer seizes hold of him.
- With a of the whistle, the train entered the tunnel.
- The firemen raced towards their engine as the siren .
- Collin awoke to the of the raindrops against his bedroom window.
- The room was so quiet that the of the clock could plainly be heard.
- When the sheep , her two little lambs came running to her.
Homes of creatures.
Different creatures live in different places or homes
- A) Animals
- B) People
|Creature||home/ dwelling place|
Fill in the home of the creature mentioned.
- A is a home of religious women.
- A dog’s should be waterproof and raised above the ground level.
- The large contained a fat sow and her ten piglets.
- Geoffrey has made a fine for his pet rabbits.
- Several doves had a lighted on the roof of their .
- The eagle had built its high up among the rocks.
- Although roughly built, the lumberjack’s was warm and dry.
- Most of the convicts in the were serving long sentences.
Gender is the fact of nouns and pronouns being male and female, either male or female, and neither male or female. Therefore all living animals and nonliving (inanimate) creatures belong to the four types of gender.
Types of gender
Masculine gender which refers to male creatures e.g. boy, boar etc.
Feminine gender which refers to females creatures e.g. girl, sow
Common gender which refers to either male or female e.g. child, teacher etc.
Neuter gender means neither male nor female e.g. books, stones etc.
Classify these common nouns under these categories.
Masculine Feminine Common Neuter
Masculine and feminine
These can be classified using gender opposites.
Learn these gender opposites
NOUNS AND NUMBER (PLURAL)
The word number means ‘singular’ (one) or ‘plural’ (more than one)
Forming plurals of nouns
There are different ways of forming plurals of nouns
By adding ‘s’;
This is typical of most common nouns
2 .By adding ‘es’ to the singular. Most common nouns that end in s, x, ch, sh and o form their plurals by adding ‘es’ to the singular.
- By changing y’ to ‘I’ before adding ‘es’
Rule: The letter proceeded by a vowel.
- Nouns ending in ‘f’ or ‘fe’ change these letters to ‘v’ before adding ‘es’
The following nouns can add either ‘s’ or ves
Note; The above nouns just add‘s’ to form their plural.
- Nouns ending in ‘o’ and take on (es) for their plural.
The following nouns just add(s) for plural yet end in ‘o’.
- By changing the vowels;
- Special formations (no rule applies)
- Nouns that are always used in plural. (Pairs)
- Nouns that sound plural but take verbs in singular form.
Nouns denoting subjects, tribes and disciplines remain the same in singular and plural.
- 11. Nouns that have the same form for singular and plural
Plurals of compound noun:
1regular formation (by adding‘s’ to the noun)
- a) Noun plus noun then add ‘s’ at the end of a compound noun.
|book case||book cases|
|cross word||cross words|
|chest nut||chest nuts|
|low land||low lands|
- b) Verb’ plus ‘noun then add ‘s’ at the end
|pick pocket||pick pockets|
|paint brush||paint brushes|
C verb plus adverb then add‘s’ at the end
- Noun plus a noun forming a plural in both parts
- e) Noun plus ful then add ‘s’
- Adjective plus noun then add‘s’
- Irregular Formation: – (making modifications to the nouns)
- a) Noun +adverb t hen add‘s’ to the noun;-examples;
|going- on||goings –on|
- b) ‘Noun’ + ‘adjective’then adds ‘s’ to the noun
Attorney-general attorneys – general
Notary – public notaries- public
(c) ‘Noun’ + ‘Prepositional phrase’ then add ‘s’ to the noun
Brother – in-law
Secretary- of- state
Compound nouns without a hyphen.
Compound nouns with ‘one’ hyphen
Step step- mothers
Compound nouns with two hyphens
Sister in law
Head of state
Prefect on duty
Maid of honour
Tug of war
Officer in charge
Master of ceremonies
Member of staff
Commander in chief
Guest of honour
Plurals of nouns from other languages
Most words that have been taken from other languages retain their original plurals.
Hippopotamus Hippopotami/ Hippopotamuses
A Form Plurals of the given common nouns
- Fee 11. Ferry
- Toe 12. Pass
- Ash 13. Society
- Avocado 14. Hair
- Cliff 15. Face
- Lilly 16. Library
- Half 17. Cabinet
- Diary 18. Plateau
- Ditch 19. referendum
- Wish 20. Volunteer
- Form plurals of the given compound nouns:-
- Ink-stand 7. Seed-drill
- Horse-shoe 8. Wage-earner
- Round –about 9. Time – keeper
- Sign – Post 10.Woman-driver
- Water-melon 11. Country -man
Application of Plurals in sentences.
Use the nouns given in the brackets correctly to complete the sentences.
- All ………………………………………….in the library are full of book . (Shelf)
- Africa should not face much food…………………………………now. (crisis)
- …………………………………..are very cunning everywhere (pick pocket)
- Mrs. Okoedi has borrowed three………………………………..of sugar. (cupful)
- Do you have a number of …………………………………… (women-friend)
- These bridges have two ………………………………………. (basis)
- Many people have lost the ……………………………………..in accidents. (life)
- Britain’s former…………………………………………..have been kind to Uganda. (Secretary-of-state)
- Volunteers often dig wells in their………………………………………………… (communities)
- Her blood contains a lot of ……………………………………………………..(plasmodium)