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Defining Film Criticism
These definitions show that criticism of any literary work, deals with principles which underline creative activities in artistic presentations, like films. It considers rules of structural unity of the work, based on specific established norms of presentation and rules of production. It comments on compliance or conformity to established standards. The essence is to ensure that an objective commentary is made on works of art, since the basis of such judgments can be ascertained, analyzed and verified.
Who is a Film Critic?
The critic is a person who deals with a work of art as a concept. He/She investigates the appropriate use of production elements, in order to achieve an understanding of the work and enhance aesthetic appreciation, in the production and uses specific templates, as standard, to evaluate work. He/she therefore, sees artistic composition and presentations very clearly, records and evaluates them meticulously, (Owuamalam, 2007)
The critic is a technically proficient commentator on artistic performance. He/she understands the theatre and its production principles. A critic knows the structural outlay of plots and their classification, as genres, based on observed specific characteristics. He/she must therefore understand the significance of a production and the essence of direction as a co-ordination of the various aspects of the performance. He or she is knowledgeable about postproduction exercises, like editing and previews and understands how artistic performance should blend in a production to produce the intended message that will help in work. His/her major concern is to see how the work conforms or deviates from known, defined and acceptable standards.
Types of Film Criticism
Classification of the approach which a critic may adopt while evaluating a film is based on the perspective adopted while treating the artistic work. Based on this, there are two major types of criticism, prescriptive and descriptive criticism.
Characteristics of Film
The characteristics of prescriptive criticism as listed by Omuamalam (2007:291), is as follows:
Descriptive criticism has the following characteristics as well:
Functions of a Film Critic
The functions which a film critic performs are outside the theatre. His/her duties involve creative imaginations, in the mental realm. The critic produces an evaluative report, which facilitates an understanding of the work and provides the information, which the audience uses to discuss the work. The critic performs three basic rules of:
(a) Evaluating the film based on specific standards
(b) Of assessing the film and
(c) Reviewing the film. Details of these roles are discussed in the next sub-heading.
Three Basic Roles of Film Critic
A film critic performs the three basic roles of evaluating assessing and reviewing of a film.
Source:NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA
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